Bushmeat and Emerging Infectious Diseases: Lessons from Africa

@article{Kurpiers2015BushmeatAE,
  title={Bushmeat and Emerging Infectious Diseases: Lessons from Africa},
  author={Laura A. Kurpiers and Bj{\"o}rn Schulte‐Herbr{\"u}ggen and Imran Ejotre and D. M. Reeder},
  journal={Problematic Wildlife},
  year={2015},
  pages={507 - 551}
}
Zoonotic diseases are the main contributor to emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and present a major threat to global public health. Bushmeat is an important source of protein and income for many African people, but bushmeat-related activities have been linked to numerous EID outbreaks, such as Ebola, HIV, and SARS. Importantly, increasing demand and commercialization of bushmeat is exposing more people to pathogens and facilitating the geographic spread of diseases. To date, these linkages… 

Major bat‐borne zoonotic viral epidemics in Asia and Africa: A systematic review and meta‐analysis

TLDR
The dimension of spillover events within and/or between bat–human and the epidemiological risk factors, which may lead to another pandemic occurring is explored to enhance the bat‐originated virus, which utilises an intermediate host to jump into human species.

COVID-19—Zoonosis or Emerging Infectious Disease?

TLDR
Current evidence of infection origin and transmission routes of SARS-CoV-2 virus and COVID-19 are reviewed in the context of known zoonoses, EIDs and “spill-over” events and it is suggested that Sars-Cov-2 should be re-classified as an EID of probable animal origin.

How accurately can we assess zoonotic risk?

Identifying the animal reservoirs from which zoonotic viruses will likely emerge is central to understanding the determinants of disease emergence. Accordingly, there has been an increase in studies

A Review of Zoonotic Infection Risks Associated with the Wild Meat Trade in Malaysia

TLDR
Overall, there may be considerable zoonotic risks to people involved in the hunting, butchering or consumption of wild meat in Southeast Asia, and these should be considered in public health strategies.

Characteristics of the 100 largest modern zoonotic disease outbreaks

TLDR
Overall, this case study shows that the characteristics of large zoonotic outbreaks with thousands to millions of cases differ consistently from those of more typical outbreaks.

Bushmeat and human health: assessing the evidence in tropical and sub-tropical forests

TLDR
A systematic review of the linkages between bushmeat and health, with a particular focus on the nutritional content, the zoo-therapeutic uses and the zoonotic pool of bushmeat species in tropical and sub-tropical forest regions shows that bushmeat is an important source of fats, micro and macro-nutrients and has a diversity of medicinal uses.

Emergence of Zoonoses at Human-Animal Interface

TLDR
The review will focus on the factors which are contributing to emergence of zoonotic pathogens at human-animal interface.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 308 REFERENCES

Filoviruses in Bats: Current Knowledge and Future Directions

TLDR
The need for a more unified, global surveillance strategy for filoviruses in wildlife, and the need for more integrated, multi-disciplinary approaches to understand dynamics in bat populations to ultimately mitigate or prevent potentially devastating disease outbreaks are highlighted.

Risk factors for human disease emergence.

TLDR
This study represents the first quantitative analysis identifying risk factors for human disease emergence, with protozoa and viruses particularly likely to emerge, and helminths particularly unlikely to do so, irrespective of their zoonotic status.

Beyond Bushmeat: Animal Contact, Injury, and Zoonotic Disease Risk in Western Uganda

TLDR
The results provide a useful comparison to West and Central Africa where “bushmeat hunting” is the predominant paradigm for human–wildlife contact and zoonotic disease transmission.

Zoonotic Viruses Associated with Illegally Imported Wildlife Products

TLDR
These results are the first demonstration that illegal bushmeat importation into the United States could act as a conduit for pathogen spread, and suggest that implementation of disease surveillance of the wildlife trade will help facilitate prevention of disease emergence.

Review: The Important Bacterial Zoonoses in “One Health” Concept

TLDR
The role of “One Health” approach, public health education, and some measures that can be taken to prevent zoonotic bacterial infections are discussed.

Wildlife and Emerging Zoonotic Diseases: The Biology, Circumstances and Consequences of Cross-Species Transmission

TLDR
This book discusses the conceptualizing and Partitioning the Emergence process of Zoonotic Viruses from Wildlife to Humans, and the Surveillance and Response to Disease Emergence.

Zoonoses: a potential obstacle to the growing wildlife industry of Namibia

TLDR
This review examines prevalent zoonotic infections reported in Namibia between 1990 and 2009 and assess their potential impact on the growing wildlife industry and provides the basis for initiating a multidisciplinary evidence-based approach to control zoonoses in countries with thriving wildlife and game farming.

Global trends in emerging infectious diseases

TLDR
It is concluded that global resources to counter disease emergence are poorly allocated, with the majority of the scientific and surveillance effort focused on countries from where the next important EID is least likely to originate.

Investigating the zoonotic origin of the West African Ebola epidemic

TLDR
The range of possible Ebola virus sources is expanded to include insectivorous bats and the importance of broader sampling efforts for understanding Ebola virus ecology is reiterated.

The Global One Health Paradigm: Challenges and Opportunities for Tackling Infectious Diseases at the Human, Animal, and Environment Interface in Low-Resource Settings

TLDR
Advances in key zoonotic disease areas and the One Health capacity needs are highlighted.
...