Burton’s Line in Lead Poisoning

  title={Burton’s Line in Lead Poisoning},
  author={J. Pearce},
  journal={European Neurology},
  pages={118 - 119}
  • J. Pearce
  • Published 2006
  • Medicine
  • European Neurology
Lead poisoning in both its acute and chronic forms has been recognised since the second century BCE. Lead colic, anaemia, renal tubulopathies and motor neuropathies are well recognised. This paper sketches the early history and remembers the important contribution of Henry Burton, who described the gums to be bordered by a narrow leaden-blue line, about the one-twentieth part of an inch in width, whilst the substance of the gum apparently retained its ordinary colour and condition. The sign… Expand
Lead poisoning and Burton's line
Burton’s lead line indicates lead poisoning and occurs due to deposition of lead sulfide, the result of a reaction between sulfur produced by oral flora and lead. Expand
Bluish pigmentation of the gingiva in a homeless patient: a quiz. Burton's line revealing chronic lead poisoning (plumbism).
A 31-year-old white homeless man presented with a 5-month history of severe asthenia and chronic abdominal pain, notable for intravenous drug addiction with buprenorphine and heroin consumption, and hepatitis C infection with no current follow-up. Expand
Chronic lead poisoning induced abdominal pain and anemia: a case report and review of the literature
A 28-year-old young man who was misdiagnosed with renal colic due to sudden acute abdominal pain was diagnosed with chronic lead poisoning, and he recovered after chelation treatment. Expand
Acute lead poisoning: a diagnostic challenge in the emergency department
A 32-year-old man who presented to ED with abdominal pain and vomiting which was unrelieved by usual doses of analgesic was described, leading to a diagnosis of acute lead toxicity. Expand
Oral Manifestation of Lead Poisoning
Lead was a key component in the medical sciences during its early days. Over the years the toxic effects of lead has been studied in detail and have been withdrawn from the modern drugs. However leadExpand
Lead Poisoning - A Review
It is clear that a continued rise in the pollution of the human environment with lead could eventually produce levels of exposure with adverse effects on human health. Expand
Blood lead level and seizure: a narrative review
After a thorough search in PubMed and Google Scholar, seizure was shown to be one of the consequences of lead toxicity, but there was no evidence of epilepsy or febrile convulsion, induced by this metal contamination. Expand
Lead poisoning due to ingestion of lead-contaminated opium: A diagnostic study on patients' imaging findings.
In suspected cases of lead exposure due to ingested opium, and if BLL is not readily available, a positive imaging result may guide radiologists and physicians to consider lead poisoning. Expand
The lead-poisoned genius: saturnism in famous artists across five centuries.
This chapter examines the historical evidence of recognition of such toxicity and discusses the controversies raised by the possibility of professional lead poisoning in great artists, including Rubens, Goya, Fortuny, Van Gogh, Renoir, Dufy, Klee, Frida Kahlo, and Portinari. Expand
Unusual Cause of Abdominal Pain and Anemia.
Lab findings showed microcytic anemia, without signs of iron deficiency or thalassemia; basophilic stippling of red blood cells; mild leukocytosis; and increased liver enzyme activities; and Viral serology was negative. Expand


Lead and wine. Eberhard Gockel and the colica Pictonum
From the literary evidence assembled here and from experimental determinations of the lead content of sapa and similar concentrates, it is possible to estimate the lead levels and toxicity of wines from various eras and make it apparent that many wines were sufficiently toxic to account for the incidence and severity of the colica Pictonum. Expand
Childhood lead poisoning: the torturous path from science to policy.
The factors that contributed to the slow pace of efforts to address lead poisoning are discussed, including the ubiquity and magnitude of lead exposure during much of the twentieth century, which produced a distorted notion about the blood lead level that can be considered "normal". Expand
Medical toxicology: Diagnosis and treatment of human poisoning
The general approach to the Poisoned Patient Introduction and Initial Evaluation and Supportive Care. Expand
Past adult lead exposure is linked to neurodegeneration measured by brain MRI
The data suggest that cumulative lead dose is associated with persistent brain lesions, and may explain previous findings of a progressive decline in cognitive function. Expand
The Franklin letter on lead poisoning
A letter written by Benjamin Franklin to his friend written in 1786 that raises issues of chemical toxicology.
Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products
The toxicology of commercial products and its applications are studied in the context of food safety, cosmetics and personal care products. Expand
Biochemical effects of excited state molecular oxygen
This report is designed to introduce current research which illustrates the intimacy of singlet O2 in these six areas, and demonstrate the general role of singlet oxidation in biochemical processes.
Youssem D: Past adult lead exposure is linked to neurodegeneration measured by brain
  • MRI. Neurology
  • 2006
Lead poisoning in a radiator repairer.