Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program

  title={Bulk properties of the medium produced in relativistic heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program},
  author={Star Collaboration L. Adamczyk and James Kevin Adkins and Geydar Agakishiev and Madan Mohan Aggarwal and Zubayer Ahammed and Nuggehalli N. Ajitanand and I. G. Alekseev and D. M. Anderson and Ryo Aoyama and Alexey Aparin and D. A. Arkhipkin and Elke C. Aschenauer and M. U. Ashraf and Anjali Attri and G. S. Averichev and Xiaozhi Bai and Vipul Bairathi and Arabinda Behera and Ren'e Bellwied and Anju Bhasin and Ashok Kumar Bhati and Prabhat Bhattarai and Jaroslav Bielcik and J. Biel{\vc}{\'i}kov{\'a} and Leslie Bland and Igor G Bordyuzhin and Jonathan Bouchet and James Daniel Brandenburg and A. V. Brandin and D. R. Brown and I. Zh. Bunzarov and Joseph Butterworth and Helen Caines and M. Calder'ondela Barca S'anchez and J. M. Campbell and Daniel Cebra and Irakli Chakaberia and Petr Chaloupka and Zilong Chang and Nedialka Chankova-Bunzarova and A. Chatterjee and Subhasis Chattopadhyay and X. C. Chen and J. Chen and J. Cheng and Michael Gerard Cherney and William Christie and Giacomo Contin and Henry J. Crawford and S. Das and L. C. De Silva and Ramiro Debbe and Tatiana Grigoryevna Dedovich and J. Deng and A. A. Derevschikov and Larysa Didenko and Christopher Dilks and X Dong and James Drachenberg and James E. Draper and L. E. Dunkelberger and John Charles Dunlop and L. G. Efimov and Nicholas Elsey and J. M. Engelage and Geary W. Eppley and R. T. Esha and Shin-ichi Esumi and Olga Evdokimov and Justin Ewigleben and Oleg Eyser and Renee Fat{\'e}mi and Salvatore Fazio and Pavol Federi{\vc} and P. Federicova and J{\'a}n Fedori{\vs}in and Zhi Feng and Peter Filip and Evan Finch and Y. Fisyak and C. E. Flores and Lukasz Fulek and Carl A. Gagliardi and D Garand and Frank J.M. Geurts and Adam Gibson and Martin Robert Girard and David Grosnick and Devika Gunarathne and Y Guo and A. Gupta and S. K. Gupta and Włodek Guryn and Ayman Hamad and Ahmed M. Hamed and Alena Harlenderova and J. W. Harris and L. He and S. Heppelmann and Andrew S. Hirsch and Gerald W Hoffmann and Stephen Horvat and T. Huang and Bo Huang and X. Huang and H. Z. Huang and Thomas J. Humanic and Peng Huo and George. Igo and William W. Jacobs and A. Jentsch and Jiangyong Jia and K. J. Jiang and Sedigheh Jowzaee and Eleanor G. Judd and S. Kabana and Dmitry Vasil’evich Kalinkin and Ke-jun Kang and K. Kauder and H. Ke and Declan Keane and A. O. Kechechyan and Z. H. Khan and Daniel Kikoła and Ivan Kisel and Adam Kisiel and Leonid Kochenda and M. Kocmanek and Thorsten Sven Kollegger and Leszek Kosarzewski and A. F. Kraishan and P. Kravtsov and K. W. Krueger and Nalinda Kulathunga and Lokesh Kumar and Jakub Kvapil and Joseph Kwasizur and Roy Lacey and Jeffrey Landgraf and K. D. Landry and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Lauret and Andrey Lebedev and Richard Lednick{\'y} and J. H. W. Lee and X. Li and C. H. Li and W. Li and Y. Li and Jindrich Lidrych and T. Lin and Michael Annan Lisa and H. Liu and P. Y. Liu and Y. Liu and F. M. Liu and Tatjana Ljubi{\vc}i{\'c} and William Llope and M. Lomnitz and Ronald S. Longacre and Siwei Luo and X. Luo and G. L. Ma and L. Ma and Y. G. Ma and Rongrong Ma and Niseem Magdy and R. Majka and Dukhishyam Mallick and Spiros Margetis and C. Markert and Howard S. Matis and Kathryn Meehan and Jie Mei and Z. W. Miller and N. G. Minaev and Saskia Mioduszewski and Debadeepti Mishra and Sanshiro Mizuno and Bedangadas Mohanty and Mitali Mondal and Dmitriy A. Morozov and Mohd Kamarulzaki Mustafa and Md. Nasim and Tapan Kumar Nayak and Jonathan M. Nelson and Maowu Nie and Grigory Nigmatkulov and Takafumi Niida and L. V. Nogach and Toshihiro Nonaka and S. B. Nurushev and Grazyna Odyniec and Akio Ogawa and Kunsu Oh and V. A. Okorokov and Daniel Olvitt and Brian Page and R. Pak and Yadav Pandit and Yu. A. Panebratsev and Bogdan Pawlik and Hua Pei and Chris Perkins and Philip H. Pile and Jan Marian Pluta and Katarzyna Poniatowska and J. Porter and Matthew Posik and Arthur M. Poskanzer and Navneet Kumar Pruthi and Mariusz Przybycien and Jorn Henning Putschke and Hao Qiu and A. Quintero and Suvarna Ramachandran and Rajarshi Ray and Rosi Jan Reed and Matthew Rehbein and Hans Georg Ritter and J. Brent Roberts and O. V. Rogachevskiy and Jos{\'e} Luis Romero and Jordan Daniel Roth and Li-juan Ruan and John Joseph Rusnak and Olga Rusň{\'a}kov{\'a} and Niladribihari Sahoo and Pradip Kumar Sahu and Sevil Salur and Jack H. Sandweiss and Miroslav Saur and Joachim J Schambach and Alexander Schmah and W. B. Schmidke and Norbert Schmitz and Benjamin Schweid and Janet Seger and Maria Sergeeva and Peter Seyboth and Nilay D. Shah and E. I. Shahaliev and P. Vivekananda Shanmuganathan and Ming Shao and A. S. Sharma and M. K. Sharma and W. Q. Shen and Z. Shi and Shusu Shi and Q. Y. Shou and Ernst Sichtermann and R. Sikora and Miroslav Simko and Subhash Singha and Michael Skoby and N. Smirnov and Dmitri Smirnov and William Solyst and L. Song and Paul Richard Sorensen and Harold M Spinka and Brijesh Kumar Srivastava and Thanthirimudalige Don Shirvel Stanislaus and M. N. Strikhanov and B. C. Stringfellow and Tetsuro Sugiura and Michal {\vS}umbera and Branden Summa and Y. J. Sun and X. Sun and X. Sun and Bernd Surrow and D. N. Svirida and A. Tang and Z B Tang and Arkadij Taranenko and Terence John Tarnowsky and Abdel Nasser Tawfik and Jochen Mathias Thader and J. H. Thomas and Anthony Robert Timmins and David Tlust{\'y} and Takahito Todoroki and Mikhail Tokarev and Stephen Trentalange and Robert E. Tribble and Prithwish Tribedy and S. Tripathy and Barbara Antonina Trzeciak and O. D. Tsai and Thomas Ullrich and David G. Underwood and Isaac Upsal and Gene van Buren and Gerrit Jan van Nieuwenhuizen and Andrey Vasiliev and Flemming Videbaek and S. Vok{\'a}l and Sergey Voloshin and A. Vossen and G. Wang and Y. Wang and F. Wang and Jason C. Webb and Grant Webb and Liwen Wen and Gary D. Westfall and Howard Henry Wieman and Scott W. Wissink and Richard Witt and Y. F. Wu and Ziwei Xiao and Wei Xie and G. Xie and J. Xu and Nu Xu and Q. Xu and Y. Xu and Z. Xu and Y. Y. Yang and Q. Z. Yang and C. Yang and S. Z. Yang and Zhenyu Ye and Li Yi and Kin Yip and I.-K. Yoo and Ning Yu and Hanna Paulina Zbroszczyk and Wangmei Zha and Z. P. Zhang and X. P. Zhang and J. Zhang and S. Zhang and J. Zhang and Y. Zhang and J. Zhao and Chao Zhong and L. Zhou and C. Zhou and X. L. Zhu and Z. Zhu and Maksym Zyzak},
  journal={Physical Review C},
© 2017 American Physical Society. We present measurements of bulk properties of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions at sNN=7.7,11.5,19.6,27, and 39 GeV using identified hadrons (π±, K±, p, and p) from the STAR experiment in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) Program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Midrapidity (|y| < 0.1) results for multiplicity densities dN/dy, average transverse momenta (pT), and particle ratios are presented. The chemical and kinetic freeze-out dynamics at these… 

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Estimates of the baryon densities attainable in heavy-ion collisions from the beam energy scan program

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