Bulk-Boundary Duality, Gauge Invariance, and Quantum Error Corrections.

@article{Mintun2015BulkBoundaryDG,
  title={Bulk-Boundary Duality, Gauge Invariance, and Quantum Error Corrections.},
  author={Eric Mintun and Joseph Polchinski and Vladimir Rosenhaus},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2015},
  volume={115 15},
  pages={
          151601
        }
}
Recently, Almheiri, Dong, and Harlow have argued that the localization of bulk information in a boundary dual should be understood in terms of quantum error correction. We show that this structure appears naturally when the gauge invariance of the boundary theory is incorporated. This provides a new understanding of the nonuniqueness of the bulk fields (precursors). It suggests a close connection between gauge invariance and the emergence of spacetime. 

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