Built on Borders: Tensions with the Institution Liberalism (Thought It) Left Behind

@article{Simmons2021BuiltOB,
  title={Built on Borders: Tensions with the Institution Liberalism (Thought It) Left Behind},
  author={Beth A. Simmons and H. E. Goemans},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2021},
  volume={75},
  pages={387 - 410}
}
Abstract The Liberal International Order is in crisis. While the symptoms are clear to many, the deep roots of this crisis remain obscured. We propose that the Liberal International Order is in tension with the older Sovereign Territorial Order, which is founded on territoriality and borders to create group identities, the territorial state, and the modern international system. The Liberal International Order, in contrast, privileges universality at the expense of groups and group rights. A… Expand
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S0020818320000636jra 225..257
As International Organization commemorates its seventy-fifth anniversary, the Liberal International Order (LIO) that authors in this journal have long analyzed is under challenge, perhaps as neverExpand

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