Building the Composite Face Lift: A Personal Odyssey

  title={Building the Composite Face Lift: A Personal Odyssey},
  author={Sam T. Hamra},
  booktitle={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
This article is a 42-year history of the development of a comprehensive face-lift technique by the author. It describes how the composite rhytidectomy has been constructed, anatomical area by anatomical area, over the author's lifetime career as a plastic surgeon. Over the course of these years, beginning with Skoog's 1973 description of using the platysma muscle of the lower face, it describes how progressively the other significant structures of anatomy necessary to be used in achieving… CONTINUE READING
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