Building the Chronology of Early Chinese History

@article{Lee2002BuildingTC,
  title={Building the Chronology of Early Chinese History},
  author={Yun Kuen. Lee},
  journal={Asian Perspectives},
  year={2002},
  volume={41},
  pages={15 - 42}
}
  • Y. Lee
  • Published 19 November 2002
  • History
  • Asian Perspectives
The generally accepted chronology of Chinese history begins in 841 B.C., seventy years before the end of the Western Zhou Dynasty. In Shiji, Sima Qian (c. 145–89 B.C.) compiled a chronological table of twelve contemporary states starting with 841 B.C. Over the past two thousand years, scholars have tried to extend the dates farther back, but without agreement. The Xia-Shang-Zhou Chronology Project was recently commissioned by the Chinese Government to systematically reconstruct a reliable… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Astro-Historiographic chronologies of early China are unfounded
The chronology of ancient China has been debated for centuries. The long history of China is regarded with much pride in the nation today, and the lack of an accepted chronology of the early dynastic
The Earliest States in China: A Long-term Trajectory Approach
The origins, development, and makeup of early state societies in China have long been a favorite topic of research, though there has recently been an upsurge of attention among archaeologists in
A History of Chinese Archaeology
The birth of modern Chinese archaeology in the early twentieth century was an outcome of the introduction of Western scientific methods, the rise of nationalism, and the search for the cultural
Outburst flood at 1920 BCE supports historicity of China’s Great Flood and the Xia dynasty
TLDR
An earthquake-induced landslide dam outburst flood on the Yellow River about 1920 BCE is reconstructed that ranks as one of the largest freshwater floods of the Holocene and could account for the Great Flood and supports hypotheses that the primary state-level society of the Erlitou culture is an archaeological manifestation of the Xia dynasty.
The Chinese Neolithic: Trajectories to Early States
This book studies the formation of complex societies in prehistoric China during the Neolithic and early state periods, c. 7000–1500 BC. Archaeological materials are interpreted through
Major Patterns in the Neolithic Chronology of East Asia: Issues of the Origin of Pottery, Agriculture, and Civilization 1
General chronological frameworks created recently for the Neolithic complexes of China, Japan, Korea, and far eastern Russia allow us to reveal temporal patterns of Neolithization, origin of food
Chinese Archaeology Goes Abroad
From the mountains of Central Asia to the jungles of Mesoamerica, Chinese archaeologists are now conducting fieldwork around the world. China’s increasing involvement in world archaeology is a
A volcanism-based chronology for ancient China
We investigate a proposal of K.D. Pang and co-workers, who identified ancient Chinese texts that appear to record two major volcanic eruptions. The evidence presented by Pang, and substantial
FORUM ON THEORY IN ANTHROPOLOGY Shimao and the Rise of States in China Archaeology, Historiography, and Myth
The U The Shimao (石峁) site, located in northeastern Shaanxi Province, is the focus of some of the most exciting work being done in Chinese archaeology today. Since 2012, the site has been included
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 77 REFERENCES
The myth of the Xia Dynasty
  • Sarah Allan
  • History, Education
    Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
  • 1984
Was there a Xia Dynasty? By the mid-nineteen thirties, the works of Henri Maspero and other scholars in the West and of Gu Jiegang and his compatriots in China had clearly established the originally
The Transition to History in Southeast Asia: An Introduction
Studies of the transition from prehistory to history in Southeast Asia have traditionally relied primarily on documentary sources, which tend to emphasize foreign influences, rather than on the
Sources of Western Zhou History: Inscribed Bronze Vessels
The thousands of ritual bronze vessels discovered by China's archaeologists serve as the major documentary source for the Western Zhou dynasty (1045-771 B.C.). These vessels contain long inscriptions
Sources of Shang History: The Oracle Bone Inscriptions of Bronze Age China
Ch'ing, but it lacks most of the snappiness and punning that gives the hsiang-sheng form its vitality. And it is unfortunate that nothing by Hou Pao-lin, the leading practitioner of this art, has
Stirrings at the Periphery: History, Archaeology, and the Study of Dian
Early Chinese texts speak of the Han state conquering the kingdom of “Dian” in southwest China in 109 B.C. The limited historical record is complemented by archaeolgical discoveries pointing to the
The Cosmo-political Background of Heaven's Mandate
A preoccupation with cosmology and the correlation of celestial events with terrestrial activity dates back to the very beginnings of Chinese civilization. The existence of such a mindset is shown by
Historians, prehistorians, and the tyranny of the historical record: Danish state formation through documents and archaeological data
Historians traditionally have viewed the emergence of Denmark as a nation-state through western European primary sources, inferring a fragmented, politically divided region between AD 800 and AD
Erlitou and the Search for the Xia
This article places the recent literature on archaeological manifestations of the Xia in context, describes and analyzes the published data for the Erlitou typesite in some detail, and examines
On the historiographical orientation of Chinese archaeology
This year, as it seems every year, news comes from China of another spectacular archaeological discovery. What is the framework of ideas and research that studies these treasures? And how does the
Integrating History and Archaeology in the Study of Contact Period Philippine Chiefdoms
Malay texts, Philippine oral traditions, Chinese tributary records and geographies, early Spanish writings, and archaeological evidence from Philippine sites present divergent views of political
...
...