Building for Eternity: The History and Technology of Roman Concrete Engineering in the Sea

  title={Building for Eternity: The History and Technology of Roman Concrete Engineering in the Sea},
  author={Christopher Brandon and Robert L. Hohlfelder and Marie D Jackson and John Peter Oleson},
Prescreening Hydraulic Lime-Binders for Disordered Calcite in Caesarea Maritima: Characterizing the Chemical Environment Using FTIR
ABSTRACT Hydraulic lime binders are considered a technological marvel which revolutionized construction techniques in antiquity. The core material is made of a binder that is a mixture of calcite andExpand
Mortars and masonry—structural lime and gypsum mortars in Antiquity and Middle Ages
  • P. Vitti
  • Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
  • 2021
Mortar is of fundamental importance for the building technology. It is used to bind together masonry units and ease the building process. Several building techniques evolved to take advantage of theExpand
Ancient Coastal Changes Due to Ground Movements and Human Interventions in the Roman Portus Julius (Pozzuoli Gulf, Italy): Results from Photogrammetric and Direct Surveys
This research aims to evaluate the amount of vertical ground movements during Roman times inside the archaeological area of Portus Julius (Gulf of Pozzuoli) using high-precision surveys on the mostExpand
The Importance of the Ultra-alkaline Volcanic Nature of the Raw Materials to the Ductility of Roman Marine Concrete
Roman-era concrete is the iconic embodiment of long-term physicochemical resilience. We investigated the basis of this behavior across scales of observations by coupling time-lapse (4-D) tomographicExpand
The Vitruvian legacy: Mortars and binders before and after the Roman world
A brief history of the nature, use and technology of binders in ancient constructions and buildings is outlined, including the apparent chronological discontinuities related to technologicalExpand
Harbour of Soli‐Pompeiopolis: recent underwater archaeological research
Abstract Underwater archaeological work at Soli‐Pompeiopolis in 2017 has challenged previously published descriptions of the harbour works. Excavation, sonar survey, and aerial drone survey haveExpand
The Innovative Genius of Herod at Caesarea Maritima
Flavius Josephus records that Herod the Great created a harbour named Sebastos and a modern city called Caesarea. Archaeologists have been excavating the area now called Caesarea Maritima forExpand
Aim of this study is the characterization of ancient Roman mortars collected in a) Piscina Mirabilis, b) Terme di Baia, c) Villa del Capo (commonly called Bagni della Regina Giovanna) and d) VillaExpand
Unveiling the secrets of Roman craftsmanship: mortars from Piscina Mirabilis (Campi Flegrei, Italy)
Aim of this study is the characterisation of ancient Roman mortars collected in Piscina Mirabilis, located in the important geological, archaeological and historical area of the Campania RegionExpand
Phillipsite and Al-tobermorite mineral cements produced through low-temperature water-rock reactions in Roman marine concrete
Abstract Pozzolanic reaction of volcanic ash with hydrated lime is thought to dominate the cementing fabric and durability of 2000-year-old Roman harbor concrete. Pliny the Elder, however, in firstExpand