M.C.Gutzwiller, Chaos in classical and quantum mechanics, Springer-Verlag
- Eric.J. Heller, Phys.Rev.Lett
- R.Balian and R.Bloch,Ann.Phys
It is shown, by means of a simple specific example, that for integrable systems it is possible to build up approximate eigenfunctions, called asymptotic eigenfunctions, which are concentrated as much as one wants to a classical trajectory and have a lifetime as long as one wants. These states are directly related to the presence of shell structures in the quantal spectrum of the system. It is argued that the result can be extended to classically chaotic system, at least in the asymptotic regime.