Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware

  title={Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware},
  author={Joshua M. Pearce},
  pages={1303 - 1304}
A rapidly increasing selection of laboratory equipment can be fabricated with open-source three-dimensional printers at low cost. Most experimental research projects are executed with a combination of purchased hardware equipment, which may be modified in the laboratory and custom single-built equipment fabricated inhouse. However, the computer software that helps design and execute experiments and analyze data has an additional source: It can also be free and open-source software (FOSS) (1… 
General Design Procedure for Free and Open-Source Hardware for Scientific Equipment
This study provides five steps in the procedure, encompassing six design principles for the development of free and open-source hardware for scientific applications, which will be customizable, under control of the researcher, less expensive than commercial options, more maintainable, and will have many applications that benefit the user since the design documentation is open and freely accessible.
Open source 3-D printed nutating mixer
As the open source development of additive manufacturing has led to low-cost desktop three-dimensional (3-D) printing, a number of scientists throughout the world have begun to share digital designs
Building DIY science equipment
The article, “Building Research Equipment with Free, Open-Source Hardware”, by Dr. Joshua Pearce [1], that was published in the journal Science three years ago had captured the attention of
A Low-Cost Open-Source Metal 3-D Printer
This paper reports on the development of a open-source metal 3-D printer that is a combination of a low-cost commercial gas-metal arc welder and a derivative of the Rostock, a deltabot RepRap.
Open-Source 3-D Platform for Low-Cost Scientific Instrument Ecosystem
An automated low-cost 3-D motion control platform is presented that has the capacity to perform scientific applications, including 3D printing of scientific hardware, and the creation of a diverse array of custom instruments that can be shared and replicated digitally throughout the world.
Open Source Completely 3-D Printable Centrifuge
This study successfully tested and validated the instrument, which can be operated anywhere in the world with no electricity inputs, obtaining a radial velocity of over 1750 rpm and over 50 N of relative centrifugal force.
Return on Investment for Open Source Hardware Development
A method for determining an ROI for FOSH scientific hardware development is clarified and a case study is presented of an syringe pump released under open-licenses, which results in ROIs for funders ranging from 100s to 1,000s of percent after only a few months.
Retrofitment, open-sourcing, and characterisation of a legacy fused deposition modelling system
Rapid prototyping is currently one of the most promising manufacturing techniques in industry, allowing for shorter design cycle times and improved design quality. Traditionally, commercially


Integrated 3D-printed reactionware for chemical synthesis and analysis.
Using a low-cost 3D printer and open-source design software, reactionware for organic and inorganic synthesis was produced, which included printed- in catalysts and other architectures with printed-in components for electrochemical and spectroscopic analysis.
The case for open source appropriate technology
Much of the widespread poverty, environmental desecration, and waste of human life seen around the globe could be prevented by known (to humanity as a whole) technologies, many of which are simply
RepRap – the replicating rapid prototyper
The background reasoning that led to the invention of the RepRap project, the selection of the processes that have been used to implement it, the designs of key parts of the machine and how these have evolved from their initial concepts and experiments, and estimates of themachine's reproductive success out in the world up to the time of writing.
References and Notes
our experimentation could eventually be used to discredit our findings, should they happen not to agree with the original observations. It seems important that all experiments in the rapidly
Advancing Global Health Research Through Digital Technology and Sharing Data
  • T. Lang
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • 2011
Recent rapid advances in availability and uptake of digital technologies, especially of mobile networks, have the potential to overcome several barriers to collaborative research in remote places with limited access to resources and promote rapid improvements in global medical science.
Free and open-source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so that anyone can study, modify, distribute, make, and sell the design or hardware based on that design
    Free and open-source software is computer software that is available in source code (open source) form and that can be used, studied, copied, modifi ed, and redistributed without restriction
      Another emerging platform is Raspberry Pi
        Open Source: Technology and Policy (Cambridge
        • 2007