Buffering the impacts of extreme climate variability in the highly engineered Tigris Euphrates river system

  title={Buffering the impacts of extreme climate variability in the highly engineered Tigris Euphrates river system},
  author={Karem Abdelmohsen and Mohamed Sultan and Himanshu Save and Abotalib Z. Abotalib and Eugene Yan and Khaled Zahran},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
More extreme and prolonged floods and droughts, commonly attributed to global warming, are affecting the livelihood of major sectors of the world’s population in many basins worldwide. While these events could introduce devastating socioeconomic impacts, highly engineered systems are better prepared for modulating these extreme climatic variabilities. Herein, we provide methodologies to assess the effectiveness of reservoirs in managing extreme floods and droughts and modulating their impacts… 



Characterizing changes in drought risk for the United States from climate change

The effect of climate change on the frequency and intensity of droughts across the contiguous United States over the next century is assessed by applying Standardized Precipitation Indices and the

Increasing precipitation volatility in twenty-first-century California

Mediterranean climate regimes are particularly susceptible to rapid shifts between drought and flood—of which, California’s rapid transition from record multi-year dryness between 2012 and 2016 to

Drought and Flood Monitoring of the Liao River Basin in Northeast China Using Extended GRACE Data

Results indicate that the GRNN model trained with GRACE-based TWSA, model-simulated soil moisture, and precipitation observations was optimal, and the correlation coefficient and the root mean square error of the predicted TWSA and GRACE TWSA for the testing period equal 0.90 and 18 mm, respectively.

Response of deep aquifers to climate variability.

Emerging trends in global freshwater availability

Analysis of 2002–2016 GRACE satellite observations of terrestrial water storage reveals substantial changes in freshwater resources globally, which are driven by natural and anthropogenic climate variability and human activities.

Twentieth and Twenty-First Century Water Storage Changes in the Nile River Basin from GRACE/GRACE-FO and Modeling

These TWSA trajectories call for further water resources planning in the region, especially during flood seasons, and contribute to the ongoing efforts to improve the TWSA assessment and its associated dynamics for transboundary river basins.

Effective adaptation to rising flood risk

  • B. Jongman
  • Economics, Environmental Science
    Nature Communications
  • 2018
Effective adaptation to flooding is feasible, even when faced by growing exposure and a changing climate, as low-income countries are becoming less vulnerable as percapita income rises and positive trends are visible.