Bucking the Trend: The UAE and the Development of Military Capabilities in the Arab World

  title={Bucking the Trend: The UAE and the Development of Military Capabilities in the Arab World},
  author={David Bryn Roberts},
  journal={Security Studies},
  pages={301 - 334}
  • D. B. Roberts
  • Published 11 February 2020
  • Political Science
  • Security Studies
Abstract The literature examining national militaries in the Arab world paints a near-universally bleak picture of their capabilities. Some argue issues rooted in “Arab culture”—so-called essentialist rationales—fatally undermine military effectiveness. Others assert that regime security concerns encourage leaders to actively politicize, coup-proof, and consequently weaken their military. This article challenges these literatures by demonstrating that United Arab Emirates (UAE) forces have… 
The UAE’s ‘dogs of war’: boosting a small state’s regional power projection
  • A. Krieg
  • Political Science
    Small Wars & Insurgencies
  • 2021
ABSTRACT This article suggests based on the case study of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) that mercenaries as commercial surrogates can become an integral part of an overall effort of military
The Gulf Crisis and Qatar’s Pursuit of Self-Sufficiency in the Military Domain
  • A. Krieg
  • Political Science
    Gulf Studies
  • 2021
The 2017 Gulf Crisis ignited security paranoia within Qatar and reinforced the need for a more self-sufficient military lever of power to be used strategically in homeland security and defence. This
“Gulf Security is Our Security”: Global Britain and UK Gulf Strategy, 2010-20
ABSTRACT “Global Britain” has become the framing concept for post-Brexit foreign policy pursued by successive Conservative prime ministers. Despite exaggerated rhetoric to the contrary, this has not
The New Saudi Leadership and Its Impact on Regional Policy
ABSTRACT The radical transformation of the Saudi Kingdom underway since early 2015 raises the core issue of Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman’s legitimacy. By balancing his defiance of the royal
Business as Usual? The Post-Brexit Impacts on UK and UAE Relations
  • J. Gibbins
  • Business
    Contemporary Review of the Middle East
  • 2022
Since the formal leaving of the United Kingdom from the European Union on January 31, 2020, much discussion has focused on the consequences for British foreign policy. Predictions broadly fit into
The limits of exporting the homeland security construct: lessons from the Gulf
In studying and teaching security in non-superpowers, the homeland security concept should be updated to properly fit the strategic context of a small state in theory and practice.
Ontological Security and the Gulf Crisis
  • David B. Roberts
  • Political Science, Computer Science
    Journal of Arabian Studies
  • 2020
Analysis of ontological security concerns provides a set of coherent rationales explaining why ontologicalSecurity pressures play in an exaggerated way on the United Arab Emirates and why, in this context, Qatar is a uniquely problematic Other.
Lifting the Protection Curse: The Rise of New Military Powers in the Middle East
As the UAE and Saudi Arabia find they can increasingly do without US support, they are likely to emerge as less restrainable regional actors.
Gulf Security in a Multipolar World: Power Competition, Diversified Cooperation
HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and


Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East
Military Responses to the Arab Uprisings and the Future of Civil-Military Relations in the Middle East By William C. Taylor New York, NY: Palgrave McMillan, 2014 363 pages $100.00 [ILLUSTRATION
The influence of Arab culture on Arab military effectiveness
This thesis attempts to answer the question "why have Arab armed forces fared so poorly in combat since 1945?" In particular, it focuses on the impact of behavior derived from the dominant Arab
Making Military Might: Why Do States Fail and Succeed?: A Review Essay
Dan Reiter and Allan C. Stam III, Democracies at War. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2002. Throughout history, states have exhibited a puzzling degree of variation in their capacities
Military Professionalization and Civil‐Military Relations in the Middle East
After an intense flurry of research and publications on civil-military relations in the Middle East in the 1960s and the 1970s, recent studies on the subject are few and far between.! Despite the
Coup-proofing: Its Practice and Consequences in the Middle East
In the aftermath of the U.S.-led coalition’s defeat of Iraq in the Gulf War, many observers believed that Saddam Hussein would eventually be toppled in a military coup. After years of dashed hopes,
Integrating the Civil–Military Relations Subfield
The subfield of civil–military relations has experienced a remarkable revitalization in recent years, yielding a wealth of intriguing insights. Yet, despite these auspicious developments, research
The Ethnic Army and the State
Military coups have posed a persistent threat to political stability in Africa, undermining democratization efforts, igniting insurgencies, and leading to years of devastating military governance.
After Shaikh Zayed: The Politics of Succession in Abu Dhabi and the UAE
This paper reveals the careful succession arrangements and the highly complex statecraft employed in one of the world's most resource-rich and most autocratic of states. Following an overview of the
The Saudi air war in Yemen: A case for coercive success through battlefield denial
ABSTRACT The present-day conflict in Yemen is a valuable case study in the coercive use of airpower. The Saudi-led bombing campaign demonstrates the challenges inherent in applying a punishment-based
The Military in Contemporary Middle East Politics
In recent decades, coup activity by Middle Eastern militaries has fallen sharply. While armies remain important and powerful in regional states, governments (often led by former officers) have