BubR1 Insufficiency Impairs Liver Regeneration in Aged Mice after Hepatectomy through Intercalated Disc Abnormality

Abstract

A delay in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx) leads to acute liver injury, and such delays are frequently observed in aged patients. BubR1 (budding uninhibited by benzimidazole-related 1) controls chromosome mitotic segregation through the spindle assembly checkpoint, and BubR1 down-regulation promotes aging-associated phenotypes. In this study we investigated the effects of BubR1 insufficiency on liver regeneration in mice. Low-BubR1-expressing mutant (BubR1(L/L)) mice had a delayed recovery of the liver weight-to-body weight ratio and increased liver deviation enzyme levels after PHx. Microscopic observation of BubR1(L/L) mouse liver showed an increased number of necrotic hepatocytes and intercalated disc anomalies, resulting in widened inter-hepatocyte and perisinusoidal spaces, smaller hepatocytes and early-stage microvilli atrophy. Up-regulation of desmocollin-1 (DSC1) was observed in wild-type, but not BubR1(L/L), mice after PHx. In addition, knockdown of BubR1 expression caused down-regulation of DSC1 in a human keratinocyte cell line. BubR1 insufficiency results in the impaired liver regeneration through weakened microstructural adaptation against PHx, enhanced transient liver failure and delayed hepatocyte proliferation. Thus, our data suggest that a reduction in BubR1 levels causes failure of liver regeneration through the DSC1 abnormality.

DOI: 10.1038/srep32399

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{IkawaYoshida2016BubR1II, title={BubR1 Insufficiency Impairs Liver Regeneration in Aged Mice after Hepatectomy through Intercalated Disc Abnormality}, author={Ayae Ikawa-Yoshida and Takuya Matsumoto and Shinji Okano and Yukihiko Aoyagi and Yutaka Matsubara and Tadashi Furuyama and Yoshimichi Nakatsu and T. Tsuzuki and Mitsuho Onimaru and Tomoko Ohkusa and Masatoshi Nomura and Yoshihiko Maehara}, booktitle={Scientific reports}, year={2016} }