Brown dwarfs

@article{Allard2007BrownD,
  title={Brown dwarfs},
  author={France Allard and Derek Homeier},
  journal={Scholarpedia},
  year={2007},
  volume={2},
  pages={4475}
}
According to theory, an object that has a mass of less than about 8 percent of the mass of the sun cannot sustain significant nuclear fusion reactions in its core. This marks the dividing line between red dwarf stars and brown dwarfs. When brown dwarfs are very young, they generate some energy from the fusion of heavy hydrogen, or deuterium, into helium nuclei, but this supply is used up in a few tens of millions of years. After that brown dwarfs glow because of the heat generated by the… 

Possible nuclear fusion of deuteron in the cores of Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, and brown dwarfs

Many brown dwarfs have recently been discovered as sub-stellar objects in which deuteron thermonuclear fusion is taking place. Although Jupiter and Saturn emit nearly twice as much heat as they

Photometric and spectroscopic studies of very low mass YSOs and young Brown Dwarfs in S106

  • Y. Oasa
  • Physics, Geology
    Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
  • 2006
Young brown dwarfs have been identified in a significant population in various star forming regions. Some deep surveys have yielded less massive objects with planetary-mass (e.g., Oasa et al. 1999;

A Substellar Mass Function for Alpha Per ⋆

. We present a deep, wide-field optical survey of the young stellar cluster Alpha Per, in which we have discovered a large population of candidate brown dwarfs. Subsequent infrared photometric

Formation, Evolution and Multiplicity of Brown Dwarfs and Giant Exoplanets

This proceeding summarizes the talk of the awardee of the Spanish Astronomical Society award to the best Spanish thesis in Astronomy and Astrophysics in the two-year period 2006–2007. The thesis

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We report the results of a deep near infrared (JHK) survey of the outer parts of the Trapezium Cluster with Gemini South/Flamingos. 396 sources were detected in a 26 arcmin 2 area, including 138

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Aims. We observed brown dwarfs in different evolutionary stages with the Chandra X-ray Observatory with the aim to disentangle the influence of different stellar parameters on the X-ray emission of

THE METALLICITY OF THE CM DRACONIS SYSTEM

The CM Draconis system comprises two eclipsing mid-M dwarfs of nearly equal mass in a 1.27 day orbit. This well-studied eclipsing binary has often been used for benchmark tests of stellar models,

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This review presents a panorama of the research topics that are currently being developed by our strategic research group at the IAC in the field of very low-mass stars, brown dwarfs, extrasolar

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