Brown algal morphogenesis: atomic force microscopy as a tool to study the role of mechanical forces

  title={Brown algal morphogenesis: atomic force microscopy as a tool to study the role of mechanical forces},
  author={Beno{\^i}t Tesson and B{\'e}n{\'e}dicte Charrier},
  journal={Frontiers in Plant Science},
Over the last few years, a growing interest has been directed toward the use of macroalgae as a source of energy, food and molecules for the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Besides this, macroalgal development remains poorly understood compared to other multicellular organisms. Brown algae (Phaeophyceae) form a monophyletic lineage of usually large multicellular algae which evolved independently from land plants. In their environment, they are subjected to strong mechanical forces… 

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