Broken quantum symmetry and confinement phases in planar physics.

  title={Broken quantum symmetry and confinement phases in planar physics.},
  author={F. Alexander Bais and Bernd J Schroers and Johannes K. Slingerland},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={89 18},
Many two-dimensional physical systems have symmetries which are mathematically described by quantum groups (quasitriangular Hopf algebras). In this Letter we introduce the concept of a spontaneously broken Hopf symmetry and show that it provides an effective tool for analyzing a wide variety of phases exhibiting many distinct confinement phenomena. 

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