Broadband observations of the naked-eye γ-ray burst GRB 080319B

@article{Racusin2008BroadbandOO,
  title={Broadband observations of the naked-eye $\gamma$-ray burst GRB 080319B},
  author={Judith L. Racusin and Sergei V. Karpov and M. Sokolowski and Jonathan Granot and X. F. Wu and Valentin D. Pal'shin and Stefano Covino and A. van der Horst and Samantha Oates and Patricia Schady and R. J. Smith and Jay R. Cummings and Rhaana L. C. Starling and Lech Wiktor Piotrowski and B. B. Zhang and P. A. Evans and Stephen T. Holland and Katarzyna Małek and M. T. Page and Lo Vetere and Raffaella Margutti and Cristiano Guidorzi and Atish Kamble and Peter A. Curran and Andrew P. Beardmore and Chryssa Kouveliotou and Lech Mankiewicz and A. Melandri and P. T. O’Brien and Kim L. Page and Tsvi Piran and Nial R. Tanvir and Grzegorz Wrochna and R. L. Aptekar' and Scott Douglas Barthelmy and Corrado Bartolini and Grigory Beskin and Sergey Bondar and Malcolm N. Bremer and Sergio Campana and Alberto J. Castro-Tirado and Antonino Cucchiara and Mikołaj {\'C}wiok and Paolo D’Avanzo and V. D’Elia and Massimo Della Valle and Antonio de Ugarte Postigo and Wojciech A. Dominik and Abraham D. Falcone and Fabrizio Fiore and Derek B. Fox and Dmitry D. Frederiks and Andrew S. Fruchter and Dino Fugazza and Michael A. Garrett and Neil A. Gehrels and Sergey Golenetskii and Andreja Gomboc and Javier Gorosabel and Giuseppe Greco and Adriano Guarnieri and Stefan Immler and Martin Jel{\'i}nek and Grzegorz Kasprowicz and V. La Parola and Andrew J. Levan and Vanessa Mangano and Evgenii P Mazets and Emilio Molinari and Alberto Moretti and Krzysztof Nawrocki and Philipp Oleynik and Julian P. Osborne and Claudio Pagani and Shashi Bhushan Pandey and Zsolt Paragi and Matteo Perri and Adalberto Piccioni and Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz and P. W. A. Roming and Iain A. Steele and Richard G. Strom and Vincenzo Testa and Gino Tosti and Mikhail Ulanov and Klaas Wiersema and R. A. M. J. Wijers and Jack M. Winters and Aleksander Filip Żarnecki and F. Zerbi and P. M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and Guido L. Chincarini and David N. Burrows},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2008},
  volume={455},
  pages={183-188}
}
Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) release copious amounts of energy across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, and so provide a window into the process of black hole formation from the collapse of massive stars. Previous early optical observations of even the most exceptional GRBs (990123 and 030329) lacked both the temporal resolution to probe the optical flash in detail and the accuracy needed to trace the transition from the prompt emission within the outflow to external shocks caused by… 
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The first gamma-ray burst (GRB) confirmed to be bright enough to be seen with the naked eye, GRB 080319B at redshift z = 0.937, allowed for exquisite follow-up observations across the electromagnetic
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The explosion that results in a cosmic γ-ray burst (GRB) is thought to produce emission from two physical processes: the central engine gives rise to the high-energy emission of the burst through
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The prompt optical emission that arrives with the γ-rays from a cosmic γ-ray burst (GRB) is a signature of the engine powering the burst, the properties of the ultra-relativistic ejecta of the
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The origin of γ-ray bursts (GRBs) has been enigmatic since their discovery. The situation improved dramatically in 1997, when the rapid availability of precise coordinates, for the bursts allowed the
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TLDR
Radio observations of GRB030329 indicate a common origin for cosmic explosions in which the energy in the highest-velocity ejecta is extremely variable, and the contribution of the γ-rays is energetically minor.
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Optical Transients from gamma-ray burst sources, in addition to offering a distance determination, convey important information about the physics of the emission mechanism, and perhaps also about the
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The optical and gamma-ray observations of GRB 080319B allow us to provide a broad-brush picture for this remarkable burst. The data indicate that the prompt optical and gamma-ray photons were
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Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are believed to be some catastrophic event in which material is ejected at a relativistic velocity, and internal collisions within this ejecta produce the observed γ-ray
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