# Broadband observations of the naked-eye γ-ray burst GRB 080319B

@article{Racusin2008BroadbandOO,
title={Broadband observations of the naked-eye $\gamma$-ray burst GRB 080319B},
author={Judith Racusin and Sergei V. Karpov and Marek Sokołowski and Jonathan Granot and X. F. Wu and Valentin D. Pal'shin and Stefano Covino and A. van der Horst and S. R. Oates and Patricia Schady and Randy J. Smith and Jay R. Cummings and Rhaana L. C. Starling and Lech Wiktor Piotrowski and B. Zhang and P. A. Evans and Stephen T. Holland and Katarzyna Małek and M. T. Page and L. Vetere and Raffaella Margutti and C. Guidorzi and Atish Kamble and Peter A. Curran and A P Beardmore and Chryssa Kouveliotou and Lech Mankiewicz and A Melandri and P. T. O’Brien and Kim L Page and Tsvi Piran and Nial R. Tanvir and Grzegorz Wrochna and Rafail L. Aptekar and Scott Douglas Barthelmy and Corrado Bartolini and Grigory Beskin and Sergey Bondar and Malcolm N. Bremer and Sergio Campana and Alberto J. Castro-Tirado and Antonino Cucchiara and Mikołaj {\'C}wiok and Paolo D’Avanzo and V. D’Elia and Massimo Della Valle and Antonio de Ugarte Postigo and Wojciech A. Dominik and Abraham D. Falcone and Fabrizio Fiore and Derek B. Fox and Dmitry D. Frederiks and A. S. Fruchter and Dino Fugazza and Michael A. Garrett and Neil A. Gehrels and Sergey Golenetskii and A Gomboc and Javier Gorosabel and Giuseppe Greco and Adriano Guarnieri and Stefan Immler and Martin Jel{\'i}nek and Grzegorz Kasprowicz and Valentina La Parola and Andrew J. Levan and Vanessa Mangano and E. P. Mazets and Emilio Molinari and Alberto Moretti and Krzysztof Nawrocki and P. Oleynik and J. P. Osborne and Claudio Pagani and Shashi Bhushan Pandey and Zsolt Paragi and Matteo Perri and Adalberto Piccioni and Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz and P. W. A. Roming and Iain A. Steele and Richard G. Strom and Vincenzo Testa and Gino Tosti and Mikhail Ulanov and K. Wiersema and Ramj Wijers and Jack M. Winters and Aleksander Filip Żarnecki and F. Zerbi and P{\'e}ter M{\'e}sz{\'a}ros and Guido L. Chincarini and David N. Burrows},
journal={Nature},
year={2008},
volume={455},
pages={183-188}
}
Long-duration γ-ray bursts (GRBs) release copious amounts of energy across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, and so provide a window into the process of black hole formation from the collapse of massive stars. Previous early optical observations of even the most exceptional GRBs (990123 and 030329) lacked both the temporal resolution to probe the optical flash in detail and the accuracy needed to trace the transition from the prompt emission within the outflow to external shocks caused by… Expand
221 Citations

#### Paper Mentions

Prompt Emission of GRB 121217A from Gamma-Rays to the Near-Infrared
The mechanism that causes the prompt-emission episode of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is still widely debated despite there being thousands of prompt detections. The favoured internal shock model relatesExpand
Prompt optical emission and synchrotron self-absorption constraints on emission site of GRBs
• Physics
• 2009
We constrain the distance of the gamma-ray burst (GRB) prompt emission site from the explosion centre R, by determining the location of the electron's self-absorption frequency in the GRB promptExpand
Prompt high-energy emission from gamma-ray bursts in the internal shock model
• Physics
• 2009
Context. Gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are powerful, short duration events with a spectral luminosity peaking in the keV-MeV (BATSE) range. The prompt emission is thought to arise from electrons acceleratedExpand
The physics of gamma-ray bursts & relativistic jets
• Physics
• 2015
Abstract We provide a comprehensive review of major developments in our understanding of gamma-ray bursts, with particular focus on the discoveries made within the last fifteen years when their trueExpand
Gamma-ray bursts and their use as cosmic probes
• Physics, Medicine
• Royal Society Open Science
• 2017
Some of the milestones made in GRB research during the Swift era are summarized, and how previous widely accepted theoretical models have had to adapt to accommodate the new wealth of observational data are summarized. Expand
The variable absorption in the X-ray spectrum of GRB 190114C
• Physics
• 2021
GRB 190114C was a bright burst that occurred in the local Universe (z = 0.425). It was the first gamma-ray burst (GRB) ever detected at TeV energies, thanks to MAGIC. We characterize the ambientExpand
Observing the prompt emission of GRBs
• Physics
• 2011
Abstract Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) were first detected thanks to their prompt emission, which was the only information available for decades. In 2010, while the high-energy prompt emission remains theExpand
GRB 080319B: evidence for relativistic turbulence, not internal shocks
• Physics
• 2008
We show that the excellent optical and gamma-ray data available for GRB 080319B rule out the internal shock model for the prompt emission. The data instead point to a model in which the observedExpand
Gamma-Ray Burst Jets and their Radio Observations
• Physics
• Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
• 2014
Abstract Radio observations play a key role in studying the jets that power GRBs, the most luminous cosmic explosions. They are crucial for determining the GRB jet energy, the external density, andExpand
The Bright Optical Flash and Afterglow from the Gamma-Ray Burst GRB 130427A
The link between optical afterglow and >100-MeV emission suggests that nearby early peaked afterglows will be the best candidates for studying gamma-ray emission at energies ranging from gigaelectron volts to teraelectrons volts. Expand

#### References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 58 REFERENCES
OBSERVATIONS OF THE NAKED-EYE GRB 080319B: IMPLICATIONS OF NATURE'S BRIGHTEST EXPLOSION
The first gamma-ray burst (GRB) confirmed to be bright enough to be seen with the naked eye, GRB 080319B at redshift z = 0.937, allowed for exquisite follow-up observations across the electromagneticExpand
An infrared flash contemporaneous with the γ-rays of GRB 041219a
The explosion that results in a cosmic γ-ray burst (GRB) is thought to produce emission from two physical processes: the central engine gives rise to the high-energy emission of the burst throughExpand
A link between prompt optical and prompt γ-ray emission in γ-ray bursts
The prompt optical emission that arrives with the γ-rays from a cosmic γ-ray burst (GRB) is a signature of the engine powering the burst, the properties of the ultra-relativistic ejecta of theExpand
Observation of contemporaneous optical radiation from a γ-ray burst
The origin of γ-ray bursts (GRBs) has been enigmatic since their discovery. The situation improved dramatically in 1997, when the rapid availability of precise coordinates, for the bursts allowed theExpand
A common origin for cosmic explosions inferred from calorimetry of GRB030329
Radio observations of GRB030329 indicate a common origin for cosmic explosions in which the energy in the highest-velocity ejecta is extremely variable, and the contribution of the γ-rays is energetically minor. Expand
Evidence for Diverse Optical Emission from Gamma-Ray Burst Sources
Optical Transients from gamma-ray burst sources, in addition to offering a distance determination, convey important information about the physics of the emission mechanism, and perhaps also about theExpand
What did we learn from gamma-ray burst 080319B?
• Physics
• 2008
The optical and gamma-ray observations of GRB 080319B allow us to provide a broad-brush picture for this remarkable burst. The data indicate that the prompt optical and gamma-ray photons wereExpand
BEAMING IN GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: EVIDENCE FOR A STANDARD ENERGY RESERVOIR
We present a comprehensive sample of all gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglows with known distances, and we derive their conical opening angles based on observed broadband breaks in their light curves.Expand
Afterglow Emission from Naked Gamma-Ray Bursts
• Physics
• 2000
We calculate the afterglow emission for gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) going off in an extremely low density medium, referred to as naked bursts. Our results also apply to the case where the external mediumExpand
Energetics and Luminosity Function of Gamma-Ray Bursts
• Physics
• 1999
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are believed to be some catastrophic event in which material is ejected at a relativistic velocity, and internal collisions within this ejecta produce the observed γ-rayExpand