Broadband angular selectivity of light at the nanoscale: Progress, applications, and outlook

Abstract

Articles you may be interested in Plasmon enhanced broadband optical absorption in ultrathin silicon nanobowl array for photoactive devices applications Appl. Numerical investigation of optical Tamm states in two-dimensional hybrid plasmonic-photonic crystal nanobeams Humankind has long endeavored to control the propagation direction of light. Since time immemorial, shades, lenses, and mirrors have been used to control the flow of light. In modern society, with the rapid development of nanotechnology, the control of light is moving toward devices at micrometer and even nanometer scales. At such scales, traditional devices based on geometrical optics reach their fundamental diffraction limits and cease to work. Nano-photonics, on the other hand, has attracted wide attention from researchers, especially in the last decade, due to its ability to manipulate light at the nanoscale. This review focuses on the nano-photonics systems that aim to select light based on its propagation direction. In the first half of this review, we survey the literature and the current state of the art focused on enabling optical broadband angular selectivity. The mechanisms we review can be classified into three main categories: (i) microscale geometrical optics, (ii) multilayer birefringent materials, and (iii) Brewster modes in plasmonic systems, photonic crystals, and metamaterials. In the second half, we present two categories of potential applications for broad-band angularly selective systems. The first category aims at enhancing the efficiency of solar energy harvesting, through photovoltaic process or solar thermal process. The second category aims at enhancing light extracting efficiency and detection sensitivity. Finally, we discuss the most prominent challenges in broadband angular selectivity and some prospects on how to solve these challenges.

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@inproceedings{Shen2016BroadbandAS, title={Broadband angular selectivity of light at the nanoscale: Progress, applications, and outlook}, author={Yichen Shen and Chia Wei Hsu and Yi Xiang Yeng and John D. Joannopoulos and Marin Solja{\vc}i{\'c}}, year={2016} }