Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was integrated early in surgical training according to the concept "observe, assist and then operate under the assistance of an experienced surgeon". 300 LC's were performed by 27 different surgeons (8 board certified surgeons, 19 residents in the year 2-6 of training). 60.3% of all LC's and 73% of LC's performed for acute cholecystitis were done by residents. Our results including an overall complication rate of 5.3% shows, that LC can be performed by residents without additional complications or unacceptable length of operations, provided the threshold for conversion is low and the surgeon is assisted by an experienced laparoscopist. We therefore suggest that the early integration of LC in surgical training is justified.