Britain and the Gulf Shaikhdoms, 1820-1971: The Politics of Protection

  title={Britain and the Gulf Shaikhdoms, 1820-1971: The Politics of Protection},
  author={J. Onley},
This article examines Britain’s protection of Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the Trucial States (United Arab Emirates), and Oman during the era of British hegemony in the region: 1820–1971. It argues that Britain’s role as guardian of the Persian Gulf, beginning in 1835, was not imposed coercively, that Britain largely conformed to local expectations of a protector’s duties and rights, and that its record in Eastern Arabia was far better than its record elsewhere in the Middle East. It begins with an… Expand
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