Bringing context back into epidemiology: variables and fallacies in multilevel analysis.

@article{DiezRoux1998BringingCB,
  title={Bringing context back into epidemiology: variables and fallacies in multilevel analysis.},
  author={Ana V. Diez-Roux},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  year={1998},
  volume={88 2},
  pages={216-22}
}
A large portion of current epidemiologic research is based on methodologic individualism: the notion that the distribution of health and disease in populations can be explained exclusively in terms of the characteristics of individuals. The present paper discusses the need to include group- or macro-level variables in epidemiologic studies, thus incorporating multiple levels of determination in the study of health outcomes. These types of analyses, which have been called contextual or multi… CONTINUE READING
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