Brief focal ultrasound with topical anesthetic decreases the pain of intravenous placement in children.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine whether brief, focal pretreatment of children's skin with low-frequency ultrasound followed by a 5-minute application of a 4% lidocaine topical anesthetic decreases the pain of intravenous (IV) catheter placement. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial enrolling children 8 to 18 years of age undergoing IV… (More)

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