Brief Report: Treatment of Combat-Related Nightmares Using Imagery Rehearsal: A Pilot Study

@article{Forbes2001BriefRT,
  title={Brief Report: Treatment of Combat-Related Nightmares Using Imagery Rehearsal: A Pilot Study},
  author={David Forbes and Andrea J Phelps and Tony McHugh},
  journal={Journal of Traumatic Stress},
  year={2001},
  volume={14},
  pages={433-442}
}
Posttraumatic nightmares are a hallmark of PTSD and distinct from general nightmares as they are often repetitive and faithful representations of the traumatic event. This paper presents data from a pilot study that examined the use of Imagery Rehearsal in treating combat-related nightmares of 12 Vietnam veterans with PTSD. Three treatment groups, comprising 4 veterans in each, completed standardised treatment across 6 sessions. Treatment effects were investigated using nightmare diaries and… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Nightmares are repeated extremely dysphoric and well-remembered dreams, which typically occur during REM sleep in the second half of sleep, may awaken the dreamer, and upon awakening… Expand
ConditionsNightmare, Psychiatric Disorder
InterventionBehavioral
Imagery rehearsal therapy: An emerging treatment for posttraumatic nightmares in veterans.
Nightmares are a common complaint among service members exposed to traumatic events, but prevailing paradigms are disposed to a view that nightmares are a secondary phenomenon untreatable with directExpand
Imagery rehearsal for posttraumatic nightmares: a randomized controlled trial.
TLDR
Intent-to-treat analyses showed that veterans who received imagery rehearsal had not improved significantly more than veterans in the comparison condition for the primary outcomes (nightmare frequency and sleep quality), or for a number of secondary outcomes, including PTSD. Expand
Effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy for the treatment of combat-related nightmares in veterans.
TLDR
Findings suggest IRT may be an effective short-term treatment for nighttime and daytime PTSD symptoms among veterans who complete a full course of treatment, and patients showed a complete treatment response following treatment. Expand
Imagery Rehearsal in the Treatment of Posttraumatic Nightmares in Australian Veterans with Chronic Combat-Related PTSD: 12-Month Follow-Up Data
TLDR
Preliminary evidence is provided that the positive treatment effects of IRT on posttraumatic nightmares, PTSD, and broader symptomatology in males with chronic combat-related PTSD are maintained in the longer term. Expand
Effectiveness of a manualized imagery rehearsal therapy for patients suffering from nightmare disorders with and without a comorbidity of depression or PTSD.
TLDR
Overall, nightmare frequency and the anxiety they caused decreased following the treatment of Imagery Rehearsal Therapy, and those who suffered primarily from nightmares showed the strongest benefit from the nightmare treatment. Expand
Imagery Rehearsal Therapy for PTSD-Related Nightmares
Veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experience high rates of chronic nightmares that contribute to emotional distress and sleep disturbance. This chapter presentsExpand
Imagery rehearsal therapy for posttraumatic nightmares in U.S. veterans.
TLDR
Imagery rehearsal therapy (IRT) may help reduce residual nightmares and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in veterans after trauma-focused PTSD treatment, but no benefits were observed immediately posttreatment. Expand
Combat-related PTSD nightmares and imagery rehearsal: nightmare characteristics and relation to treatment outcome.
TLDR
Imagery rehearsal for individuals with severe, chronic PTSD and fairly replicative nightmares may be most effective when the rescripted dream incorporates a resolution of the nightmare theme and excludes violent details. Expand
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Nightmares and Sleep Disturbance in Iraq War Veterans: A Feasible and Promising Treatment Combination
A substantial proportion of returnees from the Iraq war have significant psychological symptoms related to war zone exposure, including high rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD),Expand
Cognitive−behavioral treatment for posttraumatic nightmares: An investigation of predictors of dropout and outcome.
• In this study, researchers examined treatment outcomes and treatment drop out among vietnam veterans with PTSD who were experiencing nightmares. These veterans received either Imagery RehearsalExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
Imagery rehearsal treatment of chronic nightmares: with a thirty month follow-up.
TLDR
The results support the theory that nightmares are a primary sleep disorder rather than a symptom of an underlying psychiatric problem. Expand
Nightmare help: Treatment of trauma survivors with PTSD.
The literature on post-traumatic stress disorder describes recurrent nightmares as a symptom of post-trauma adjustment difficulties. Because nightmares frequently represent unresolved conflict fromExpand
Rehearsal in the Treatment of Recurring Nightmares in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders and Panic Disorder: Case Histories
AbstractFour patients (three with the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD] and one with panic disorder) with recurring and extremely distressing nightmares were treated with one sessionExpand
Long Term Reduction of Nightmares with Imagery Rehearsal Treatment
An eighteen month follow-up of chronic nightmare sufferers treated with imagery rehearsal, a cognitive-behavioral method, demonstrated significant and clinically meaningful decreases in nightmareExpand
Imagery rehearsal treatment for chronic nightmares.
TLDR
Preliminary results lend support to the theory that, for some chronic sufferers, nightmares may be conceptualized as a primary sleep disorder which can be effectively and inexpensively treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy. Expand
Visual imagery in posttraumatic stress disorder
TLDR
Findings suggest that visual imagery ability may be associated with PTSD flashbacks, and of the need for further investigation of the role that imagery plays in posttraumatic adjustment. Expand
Nightmares and trauma: a comparison of nightmares after combat with lifelong nightmares in veterans.
In this study the chronic traumatic nightmares of men who had been in combat were found to differ from the lifelong nightmares of veterans with no combat experience in that they tended to occurExpand
Direct psychological therapies for nightmares: A review.
Abstract Following an historical and theoretical overview and introduction, reports on the direct psychological treatments of nightmares are reviewed. The majority of the reviewed reports are caseExpand
Treatment Outcome in Australian Veterans With Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Cause for Cautious Optimism?
TLDR
Overall, the group showed significant improvements in core PTSD symptoms, anxiety, depression, alcohol abuse, social dysfunction, and anger, and the current study provides grounds for cautious optimism in the treatment of combat-related PTSD. Expand
Dissociation and hypnotizability in posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
Patients with PTSD had significantly higher hypnotizability scores than patients with diagnoses of schizophrenia, major depression, bipolar disorder--depressed, and dysthymic disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder and the control sample. Expand
...
1
2
3
...