Brief History of the Search for Critical Structures in Heavy-ion Collisions

  title={Brief History of the Search for Critical Structures in Heavy-ion Collisions},
  author={M. Gaździcki and M. Gorenstein and P. Seyboth},
  journal={arXiv: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology},
The paper briefly presents history, status, and plans of the search for the critical structures - the onset of fireball, the onset of deconfinement, and the deconfinement critical point - in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. First, the basic ideas are introduced, the history of the observation of strongly interacting matter in heavy ion collisions is reviewed, and the path towards the quark-gluon plasma discovery is sketched. Then the status of the search for critical structures is… Expand
4 Citations
Eliminating $volume$ fluctuations in fixed-target heavy-ion experiments
M. Mackowiak-Pawlowska,1 M. Naskręt,2 and M. Gazdzicki3, 4 1Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland∗ 2University of Wroclaw, Wrocław, Poland 3Geothe-University FrankfurtExpand
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  • R. Lacey
  • Physics, Medicine
  • Physical review letters
  • 2015
The observed nonmonotonic excitation functions validate the finite-size scaling patterns expected for the deconfinement phase transition and the critical end point (CEP) and suggest a second order phase transition with the estimates T^{cep}∼165  MeV and μ_{B} ∼95‬MeV for the location of thecritical end point. Expand
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The WA97 experiment has measured the transverse mass $({m_{\mathrm T}})$ spectra for negative hadrons ( $\mathrm{h}^-$ ) and strange particles produced at mid–rapidity in Pb–Pb collisions. TheExpand
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Transverse energy production in 208Pb+Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon.
Author(s): Margetis, S.; Alber, T.; Appelshauser, H.; Bachler, J.; Bartke, J.; Bialkowska, H.; Bieser, F.; Bloomer, M.A.; Blyth, C.O.; Bock, R.; Bormann, C.; Brady, F.P.; Brockmann, R.; Buncic, P.;Expand