# Brief History of the Search for Critical Structures in Heavy-ion Collisions

@article{Gadzicki2020BriefHO,
title={Brief History of the Search for Critical Structures in Heavy-ion Collisions},
author={M. Gaździcki and M. Gorenstein and P. Seyboth},
journal={arXiv: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology},
year={2020}
}
• Published 2020
• Physics
• arXiv: High Energy Physics - Phenomenology
The paper briefly presents history, status, and plans of the search for the critical structures - the onset of fireball, the onset of deconfinement, and the deconfinement critical point - in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. First, the basic ideas are introduced, the history of the observation of strongly interacting matter in heavy ion collisions is reviewed, and the path towards the quark-gluon plasma discovery is sketched. Then the status of the search for critical structures is… Expand
4 Citations

#### Figures from this paper

Eliminating $volume$ fluctuations in fixed-target heavy-ion experiments
• Physics
• 2021
M. Mackowiak-Pawlowska,1 M. Naskręt,2 and M. Gazdzicki3, 4 1Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland∗ 2University of Wroclaw, Wrocław, Poland 3Geothe-University FrankfurtExpand
Mott dissociation and kaon to pion ratio in the EPNJL model
• Physics
• 2021
The behaviour of pseudoscalar mesons within the SU(3)PNJL-like models is considered for finite T and μB . We compare the pole approximation (Breit-Wigner) with the Beth-Uhlenbeck approach. WeExpand
Chiral phase transition and kaon-to-pion ratios in the entanglement SU(3) PNJL model
• Physics
• 2020
Within the three-flavor PNJL and EPNJL chiral quark models we have obtained pseudoscalar meson properties in quark matter at finite temperature $T$ and baryochemical potential $\mu_B$. We compare theExpand
Low μ and imaginary μ signals of a critical point in the phase diagram of an exactly soluble chiral symmetry breaking theory
• Physics
• 2020
Holography has allowed the exact solution of a small number of largeNcgauge theories. Amongstthese is anN=2 SYM theory of quarks interacting withN=4 gauge fields. The temperature chemicalpotentialExpand

#### References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 129 REFERENCES
Multiplicity distributions in nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energies
• Physics
• 1976
Abstract The average and the dispersion of multiplicity distributions in nucleus-nucleus collisions are calculated assuming that the inelastic collision of two nuclei is an incoherent composition ofExpand
Beam Energy Scan Program at RHIC (BES I and BES II) – Probing QCD Phase Diagram with Heavy-Ion Collisions
In 2010, a multi-step experimental program, the Beam Energy Scan (BES), was launched at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) to investigate the phase diagram of strongly interacting nuclearExpand
Chiral crossover in QCD at zero and non-zero chemical potentials
Abstract We present results for pseudo-critical temperatures of QCD chiral crossovers at zero and non-zero values of baryon (B), strangeness (S), electric charge (Q), and isospin (I) chemicalExpand
Indications for a critical end point in the phase diagram for hot and dense nuclear matter.
• R. Lacey
• Physics, Medicine
• Physical review letters
• 2015
The observed nonmonotonic excitation functions validate the finite-size scaling patterns expected for the deconfinement phase transition and the critical end point (CEP) and suggest a second order phase transition with the estimates T^{cep}∼165  MeV and μ_{B} ∼95‬MeV for the location of thecritical end point. Expand
J/psi production in Indium-Indium collisions at 158 GeV/nucleon.
For collisions involving more than approximately 80 participant nucleons, it is found that an extra suppression is present and this result is in qualitative agreement with previous Pb-Pb measurements by the NA50 experiment. Expand
Enhancement of hyperon production at central rapidity in 158-A-GeV/c Pb-Pb collisions
• Physics
• 2006
Results are presented on hyperon and antihyperon production in Pb–Pb, pPb and pBe collisions at 158 GeV/c per nucleon. Λ, Ξ and Ω yields have been measured at central rapidity and medium transverseExpand
A new measurement of $J/\psi$ suppression in Pb-Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon
Abstract.We present a new measurement of $J/\psi$ production in Pb-Pb collisions at 158 GeV/nucleon, from the data sample collected in year 2000 by the NA50 Collaboration, under improved experimentalExpand
Transverse mass spectra of strange and multi-strange particles in Pb-Pb collisions at 158 A GeV/c
The WA97 experiment has measured the transverse mass $({m_{\mathrm T}})$ spectra for negative hadrons ( $\mathrm{h}^-$ ) and strange particles produced at mid–rapidity in Pb–Pb collisions. TheExpand
Recent results on central Pb+Pb collisions from experiment NA49
We present recent results on single- and multiparticle distributions and event-by-event fluctuations obtained for Pb+Pb collisions at the CERN SPS by experiment NA49. We argue that the available dataExpand
Transverse energy production in 208Pb+Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon.
Author(s): Margetis, S.; Alber, T.; Appelshauser, H.; Bachler, J.; Bartke, J.; Bialkowska, H.; Bieser, F.; Bloomer, M.A.; Blyth, C.O.; Bock, R.; Bormann, C.; Brady, F.P.; Brockmann, R.; Buncic, P.;Expand