Bridging the gap between forest conservation and poverty alleviation: the Ecuadorian Socio Bosque program

  title={Bridging the gap between forest conservation and poverty alleviation: the Ecuadorian Socio Bosque program},
  author={Free de Koning and Marcela Agui{\~n}aga and Manuel Bravo and Marco Chiu and Max Lascano and Tannya Lozada and Luis Suarez},
  journal={Environmental Science \& Policy},
The Socio Bosque program is a national conservation agreement scheme of the government of Ecuador. Socio Bosque consists of the transfer of a direct monetary incentive per hectare of native forest and other native ecosystems to individual landowners and local and indigenous communities who protect these ecosystems, through voluntary conservation agreements that are monitored on a regular basis for compliance. Two years after its creation, the program now includes more than half a million… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Implications of Local Governance for REDD+: A Case Study from the Ecuadorian Amazon
Recognising the critical role of forests in addressing Climate Change, a proposal being negotiated under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is the “Reducing EmissionsExpand
Building local institutions for national conservation programs: lessons for developing Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programs
ABSTRACT. For programs that aim to promote forest conservation and poverty alleviation, such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), the participation of indigenousExpand
Are government incentives effective for avoided deforestation in the tropical Andean forest?
The present study demonstrated that the Socio Bosque Program serves to mitigate the effects of climate change, especially with those contracts that are intended for individual owners. Expand
Private conservation agreements support climate action : Ecuador ’ s Socio Bosque
In Ecuador’s Socio Bosque programme, the Ministry of Environment (MAE) enters into conservation agreements with private and communal (including indigenous) landholders, offering yearly monetaryExpand
Benefit Distribution and Equity in Ecuador's Socio Bosque Program
In this article we analyze the equity and distribution of financial incentives in Ecuador's Programa Socio Bosque (PSB). PSB aims to conserve native ecosystems on privately owned lands while reducingExpand
Evaluating safeguards in a conservation incentive program : participation, consent, and benefit sharing in indigenous communities of the Ecuadorian Amazon
Critics suggest that Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) may not generate improvements in well-being for participating stakeholders, and may in fact undermineExpand
Analysis of the cost-effectiveness for ecosystem service provision and rural income generation: a comparison of three different programs in Southern Ecuador
In recent years, new tools for funding nature conservation have been designed. Because poverty is often significant in areas with high biodiversity, the improvement of local livelihoods is frequentlyExpand
Forest conservation incentives and deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon
SUMMARY Forest conservation incentives are a popular approach to combatting tropical deforestation. Here we consider a case where direct economic incentives for forest conservation were offered toExpand
Global Biodiversity Conservation and the Alleviation of Poverty
Assessment of flows of ecosystem services provided to people by priority habitats for terrestrial conservation shows win—win synergies between conservation and poverty alleviation, indicates that effective financial mechanisms can enhance these synergies, and suggests biodiversity conservation as a fundamental component of sustainable economic development. Expand
Additionality and design of forest conservation programs: Insights from Ecuador's Socio Bosque Program
Ecuador has experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation in South America over the turn of the century with consequent threats to the provision of essential life-supporting environmentalExpand


Participation in payments for ecosystem services: Case studies from the Lacandon rainforest, Mexico
Understanding people’s willingness to participate in projects and programmes of payments for ecosystem services (PES) has not been a key analytical concern of the scholarly literature around this newExpand
Development and testing of a sustainable environmental restoration policy on eradicating the poverty trap in China's Changting County
The results show that if the authors cannot improve the livelihood of local residents, they will be unable to restore degraded environments when state-owned property is transferred to private ownership to encourage better management by residents. Expand
Conservation agreements as a tool to generate direct incentives for biodiversity conservation
Abstract Many environmental issues can be attributed to misaligned distribution of the costs and benefits of conservation. For instance, biodiversity represents value for the global community, butExpand
Costa Rican Environmental Service Payments: The Use of a Financial Instrument in Participatory Forest Management
The Costa Rican case indicates that financial instruments can be used to share responsibilities and that stakeholders can successfully cooperate on forest issues and shows that such a participatory approach is only promising if certain cultural, economic, organizational, and political conditions are met. Expand
Linking social norms to efficient conservation investment in payments for ecosystem services
It is found that, in addition to conservation payment amounts and program duration, social norms at the neighborhood level had significant impacts on program re-enrollment, suggesting that social norms can be used to leverage participation to enhance the sustainability of conservation benefits from PES programs. Expand
Ecological and socioeconomic effects of China's policies for ecosystem services
Effective implementation of these programs can also provide important experiences and lessons for other ecosystem service payment programs in China and many other parts of the world. Expand
The working for water programme : evolution of a payments for ecosystem services mechanism that addresses both poverty and ecosystem service delivery in South Africa
A B S T R A C T A payments for ecosystem services (PES) system came about in South Africa with the establishment of the government-funded Working for Water (WfW) programme that clears mountainExpand
The working for water programme Evolution of a payments for ecosystem services mechanism that addresses both poverty and ecosystem service delivery in South Africa
A payments for ecosystem services (PES) system came about in South Africa with the establishment of the government-funded Working for Water (WfW) programme that clears mountain catchments andExpand
New Business Models for Biodiversity Conservation
New financing mechanisms for tropical forest conservation, based on payments for ecosystem services, often involve the development of new business models. Suppliers of ecosystem services may includeExpand
Direct conservation payments in the Brazilian Amazon: Scope and equity implications
This article looks into the scope and equity implications of applying payments for environmental services (PES) as a REDD implementation mechanism in the Brazilian Amazon. We establish a set ofExpand