Bridging In-school and Out-of-school Learning: Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Education

  title={Bridging In-school and Out-of-school Learning: Formal, Non-Formal, and Informal Education},
  author={Haim Eshach},
  journal={Journal of Science Education and Technology},
  • H. Eshach
  • Published 18 May 2007
  • Education
  • Journal of Science Education and Technology
The present paper thoroughly examines how one can effectively bridge in-school and out-of-school learning. The first part discusses the difficulty in defining out-of-school learning. It proposes to distinguish three types of learning: formal, informal, and non-formal. The second part raises the question of whether out-of-school learning should be dealt with in the in-school system, in view of the fact that we experience informal learning anyway as well as considering the disadvantages and… 
The paper is presenting an attempt to visualise how out-of-school learning could be dealt with in the  in-school system and if it could enhance the content required by formal education. Study aims
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