Breeding progress for potato chip quality in North American cultivars

@article{Love2008BreedingPF,
  title={Breeding progress for potato chip quality in North American cultivars},
  author={Stephen L. Love and Joseph J. Pavek and Asunta Thompson-Johns and William H. Bohl},
  journal={American Journal of Potato Research},
  year={2008},
  volume={75},
  pages={27-36}
}
Forty-four potato cultivars, released in the period between 1876 and the present were grown concurrently in field trials, stored simultaneously in three different environments, then evaluated for chip quality. They represented cultivars historically used and/or bred for potato chip production. Quality factors measured were tuber solids, chip color, reducing sugar levels, sucrose levels, and percent of defect-free chips. Tuber solids tended to increase in the late period cultivars, but trends… 

Extensive variation in fried chip color and tuber composition in cold-stored tubers of wild potato (solanum) germplasm.

Sugar profiles and relationships between specific sugars and chip color in Solanum pinnatisectum were unique among the species examined, and it was suggested that invertase activity at low temperatures differed between and within species.

Starch Characteristics of Modern and Heirloom Potato Cultivars

This study sought to determine whether modern processing cultivars differ from heirloom cultivars for two major characteristics of tuber starch, amylose content and starch granule morphology and found these traits were found to be stable across years and during storage.

A genetic perspective on yield plateau in potato.

Increasing yields will remain a challenging objective for breeders during a period of climate change with water use a major issue, the need for heat and drought tolerant cultivars in a number of countries, and new priorities for resistance to pests and diseases.

Developing Cold‐Chipping Potato Varieties by Silencing the Vacuolar Invertase Gene

It is demonstrated that silencing of the potato vacuolar acid invertase gene Vlnv is an effective approach to control the cold-induced sweetening problem in potato.

The economic impact of investment in the Pacific Northwest potato variety development program

Genetic improvement has been the principle contributor to productivity growth in almost all field crops. The Pacific Northwest (PNW) had the highest rate of potato yield growth combined with the

Are We Getting Better at Using Wild Potato Species in Light of New Tools

Effectively using the genetic diversity in wild relatives of potato is likely to rely heavily on alternative methods of potato breeding, augmenting reassortment, and selection at the tetraploid level with diploid breeding and genetic modification using biotechnology.

Genotype × Storage Environment Interaction and Stability of Potato Chip Color: Implications in Breeding for Cold Storage Chip Quality

This study identified breeding clones for advancement, including W5840-4, W64845, and W6929-1, which outperformed standard chipping varieties for chip quality and stability, and identified the most desirable lines under long and cold storage environments.

Stem-end Chip Defect in Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.)

A two-year field trial has been conducted to investigate the effects of V. dahliae on stem-end chip defect development and the underlying biochemical mechanism, which showed that more severe defects were associated with increased amounts of tuberstem-end glucose and increased stem- end acid invertase activity.

Performance of modern and old, European and national potato cultivars in different environments

Little information on the comparative yield of the main potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum subsp. tuberosum) used in Brazil is available. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance

Genotype by environment interaction effect on yield and quality of potatoes

This study examines the stability of yield, sugar content and French fry colour for eight potato cultivars and advanced selections in four environments to identify mega-environments and those environments which optimized differentiation between genotypes.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES

Assessment of potato breeding progress in the USA over the last century

Overall trends over periods were for earlier maturity and improved tuber appearance, while round-white cultivars improved for chip-processing ability and dry matter content over breeding periods, while long types increased in percent marketable yield only in BP IV.

A breeding method for accelerated development of cold chipping clones in potato

Snowden was the best chipping cultivar overall and some selections were not significantly different than Snowden, and single-hill selection for cold chipping could potentially save four years in the breeding process by the identification of good parents, the recycling of good parental cross combinations, and the evaluation of progeny for chipping earlier in thebreeding program.

The past record and future prospects for the use of exotic potato germplasm

The convenience of obtaining germplasm from the IR-1 project, and the genetic, cytogenetic, and adaptation studies based on this germplasma, have fostered a new wave of the use of exotic material.

Superior: A new white, medium-maturing, scabresistant potato variety with high chipping quality

The Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Wisconsin has released a new high chipping quality variety of potatoes named Superior. The new variety is a selection derived from a cross

Optimising potato breeding. I. The genotypic, environmental and genotype-environment coefficients of variation for tuber yield and other traits in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) under different experimental conditions

It is argued that only parameter values representative for the pertaining breeding situation should be used for optimising a selection programme.

Norchip, a new early maturing chipping variety with high total solids

On March 1, 1968, North Dakota State University released a new white-skinned potato variety named Norchip (1) . Norchip was grown and tested under the Pedigree Number N D 5899-1. Norchip is a

Shurchip: A new scab resistant processing potato variety

In Nebraska, Shurchip is high yielding, moderately high in specific gravity, lower in reducing sugars and of good to excellent chipping quality when compared with the standard varieties Haig, Kennebec and Platte.

LaRouge and LaChipper two new potato varieties released by Louisiana

LaRouge (L42-4S) is a smooth very attractive velvety red potato and has some scab resistance and this clone has also been the most outstanding entry in the fall yield trials.

Monona: A new variety of potato, distinctive for excellent chip color after numerous storage treatments

SummaryMonona is a new medium-early variety of potato, distinctive for the excellent color of its chips after numerous storage treatments, and possesses resistance to mild and rugose mosaic diseases.