Breeder reactors: A possible connection between metal corrosion and sodium leaks

  title={Breeder reactors: A possible connection between metal corrosion and sodium leaks},
  author={S. Rajendran Pillai and M. V. Ramana},
  journal={Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists},
  pages={49 - 55}
Many countries have long pursued fast neutron breeder reactors, which create more fissile fuel than they consume, because of the expectation that the world will run out of the low-cost uranium used for fuel in most commercial nuclear power reactors. Despite billions of dollars spent on research and development, however, fast neutron reactors have proven unreliable and are frequently shut down due to leaks of their sodium coolant. Different reactors around the world have experienced this leakage… 

Can small modular reactors help mitigate climate change?

ABSTRACT In recent years, there has been much discussion of small modular reactors. Companies developing such designs have received large amounts of government funding. Lower power outputs of these

Can North America’s advanced nuclear reactor companies help save the planet?

ABSTRACT The advanced nuclear reactor industry in North America includes more than 50 companies and labs, which collectively have attracted some $1.3 billion in private capital, as well as government

Massive Electricity Storage for a Developed Economy of Ten Billion People

This review argues that the principal contenders for the storage of electricity in bulk are: 1) electrochemical storage in flow batteries; 2) chemical storage in agents; 3) compressed air energy storage; and 4) underground pumped hydro.

Nuclear energy and biodiversity conservation: response to Brook and Bradshaw 2015

  • O. Hendrickson
  • Environmental Science
    Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
  • 2016
In their assessment of nuclear energy, Brook and Bradshaw provide questionable information on “new generation reactors” and do not fully consider the adverse effects of the nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear accidents on biodiversity.



Status of Fast Reactor Research and Technology Development, Design, Construction, Operation and Decommissioning-NTR2008 Supplement

  • Physics
  • 2008
When neutrons are generated during the fission process in a reactor they have high energy and are moving fast. Reactors that operate using these fast neutrons are called fast reactors. When fast


The breeder-reactor development program in the United States is at an uncertain stage. At present, it is centered on construction of the Clinch River Breeder Reactor, which is a demonstration plant.

Lessons Learned from Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Operation and Their Ramifications for Future Reactors with Respect to Enhanced Safety and Reliability

Abstract Eighteen sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), a number that includes reactors in operation or shut down, have provided 388 reactor-years of operating experience to date. This paper summarizes

Metal Dusting Corrosion of Austenitic 304 Stainless Steel

Metal dusting is a severe form of corrosive degradation of metals at high temperatures (400-900°C) in carbon-supersaturated gaseous environments (a c > 1). Fe, Ni, and Co base high-temperature alloys

Carbon Transfer in Sodium System Under Thermal Cycling-Possibility of “Metal Dusting”

High temperature sodium systems encounter thermal cycling during operation. Under this condition, the behavior of carbon dissolved in sodium needs special attention. Carbon chemistry of sodium is

Mass transfer and morphological changes in AISI 316 stainless steel in high temperature flowing sodium

Stainless steel (AISI type 316) sheet specimens were exposed to flowing sodium in a loop at different temperatures (623, 723, and 823 K in the hot zone (upstream) and 623 and 583 K in the cold zone

Metal Dusting of High-Temperature Alloys

Metal dusting, i.e. disintegration into fine metal particles and carbon, was induced on a selection of chromia forming high temperature alloys in a flowing CO-H2-H2O atmosphere in exposures at 650°C,

Morphological and Microstructural Aspects of Metal Dusting on 304L Stainless Steel with Different Surface Treatments

The effect of surface treatment on the susceptibility to metal dusting of 304L stainless steel (SS) exposed in a mixed gas of CO/CO2 = 100/1 in the temperature ranging from 500–700 °C was

Metal dusting of nickel-based alloys

The carburization behavior of nine commercial nickel-based alloys and four iron-nickel-chromium alloys was investigated at 650°C in a carburizing carbon monoxide (CO)-H 2 hydrogen oxide (H 2 O) gas

The plutonium business and the spread of the bomb

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or