Breathing above the brain stem: volitional control and attentional modulation in humans.


Whereas the neurophysiology of respiration has traditionally focused on automatic brain stem processes, higher brain mechanisms underlying the cognitive aspects of breathing are gaining increasing interest. Therapeutic techniques have used conscious control and awareness of breathing for millennia with little understanding of the mechanisms underlying their… (More)
DOI: 10.1152/jn.00551.2017


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