Breast shape (ptosis) as a marker of a woman's breast attractiveness and age: Evidence from Poland and Papua

  title={Breast shape (ptosis) as a marker of a woman's breast attractiveness and age: Evidence from Poland and Papua},
  author={Agata Groyecka and Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz and Michał Misiak and Maciej Karwowski and Piotr Sorokowski},
  journal={American Journal of Human Biology},
OBJECTIVES A women's breast is a sex-specific and aesthetic bodily attribute. [] Key MethodMETHODS In the Polish sample, 57 women and 50 men (N = 107) were presented with sketches of breasts manipulated to represent different stages of ptosis based on two different breast ptosis classifications. The participants were asked to rate the breast attractiveness and age of the woman whose breasts were depicted in each sketch.

Effects of Breast Size, Intermammary Cleft Distance (Cleavage) and Ptosis on Perceived Attractiveness, Health, Fertility and Age: Do Life History, Self-Perceived Mate Value and Sexism Attitude Play a Role?

Abstract Unlike other mammals, human females have evolved so that their breasts remain enlarged. Previous research has related the size and shape of women’s breasts with women’s reproductive

Breast firmness is of greater importance for women's attractiveness than breast size

  • K. Kościński
  • Psychology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2019
This work investigates the role of male preferences in the evolution of permanently enlarged breasts in human females and investigates their relative importance to breast size and shape.

Does Ecological Harshness Influence Men’s Perceptions of Women’s Breast Size, Ptosis, and Intermammary Distance?

Breasts are sexually dimorphic physical characteristics, and they are enlarged post-puberty suggesting that they have been driven by sexual selection to signal fertility and residual reproductive

Breast size for aesthetic surgery: preference from plastic surgeons in Malaysia

An ideal breast size preference among plastic surgeons in Malaysia is determined and universally none of the surgeons in favor of size A or B cup for aesthetic breast procedure is shown.

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Stereotypical and Actual Associations of Breast Size with Mating-Relevant Traits

Women and men perceived breasts in a similar way to each other: the bigger the breasts the higher the reproductive efficiency, lactational efficiency, sexual desire, and promiscuity attributed to the woman, but large breasts were not regarded more attractive than average ones, though small breasts were the least attractive.

Perception of the most perfect female breast shape among Malays, Chinese, and Indians community

Using a controlled perception-preference method is a more preferred choice when describing an ideal breast shape as compare to an anthropometric measurement that might be less accurate.

Bigger Bust No Longer on Trend: Malaysians Prefer Moderation in Ideal Female Breast Augmentation

The majority of women seek natural breast beauty and the longing for an oversized look appears to have infiltrated practice but these assumptions have finally been challenged by these findings.

Are Beards Honest Signals of Male Dominance and Testosterone?

The results showed that beard length (directly measured and self-reported) was not related to testosterone levels or dominance; thus, no evidence was found to support the hypothesis that beards are honest (or dishonest) signals of the beard owners' testosterone levels and dominance.

The Effect of Religious Clothing on Gaze Behavior: An Eye-Tracking Experiment

ABSTRACT There are very few experimental studies regarding religious clothing. In the current study, we hypothesized that the function of conservative clothing hiding female curvaceous body features



The Role of Breast Size and Areolar Pigmentation in Perceptions of Women’s Sexual Attractiveness, Reproductive Health, Sexual Maturity, Maternal Nurturing Abilities, and Age

It is demonstrated that breast size and areolar pigmentation interact to determine ratings for a suite of sociosexual attributes, each of which may be relevant to mate choice in men and intra-sexual competition in women.

Breast Ptosis: Causes and Cure

Age, age, history of significant (>50 lbs) weight loss, higher body mass index, larger bra cup size, number of pregnancies, and smoking history were found to be significant risk factors for breast ptosis.

PercePtion of female buttocks and breast size in Profile

This study looked at the contribution of breast size and buttock size on ratings of female physical attractiveness in profile. A total of 114 British undergraduates rated 9 silhouettes with 3 varying

Mastopexy for breast ptosis: Utility outcomes of population preferences

The health burden of living with breast ptosis requiring surgical intervention was determined using validated metrics and was found to be comparable with that of breast hypertrophy, unilateralmastectomy, bilateral mastectomy, and cleft lip and palate.

Breast ptosis. Definition and treatment.

The relationship between breast asymmetry, breast size and the occurrence of breast cancer.

Breast volume and breast asymmetry were calculated from mammograms of 250 women with breast cancer and compared with those of 250 age-matched controls and there was evidence that breast cancer patients had more breastymmetry and larger breasts than age- matched healthy women.

The Barbie Mystique: Satisfaction with Breast Size and Shape across the Lifespan

Women who were dissatisfied with their breasts were more likely to report lower body satisfaction and to express concern about wearing a bathing suit in public, and dissatisfied women were also less willing to undress in front of their partner and to conceal their breasts from their partner during sex.

The effect of breastfeeding on breast aesthetics.

Concepts in aesthetic breast dimensions: analysis of the ideal breast.