Corpus ID: 1722765

Breast pathology in complications associated with polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) mammoplasty.

  title={Breast pathology in complications associated with polyacrylamide hydrogel (PAAG) mammoplasty.},
  author={Kai M Leung and Gary P. S. Yeoh and K. W. Chan},
  journal={Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi},
  volume={13 2},
OBJECTIVE To study the tissue pathology of breast lesions associated with hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel injection augmentation mammoplasty. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Private anatomical pathology practice, Hong Kong. PATIENTS Eight patients who underwent lumpectomy of the breast due to complications of hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel injection for augmentation mammoplasty. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Identification of hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel in breast tissue and associated… Expand
Imaging findings of breast augmentation with injected hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel: patient reports and literature review.
The normal and abnormal mammographic, sonographic, and MR imaging characteristics of PAAG augmentation mammoplasty are reviewed through presented patient reviews of three women having undergone direct P AAG injection. Expand
Polyacrylamide hydrogel injection for breast augmentation: Another injectable failure
This study confirms PAAG augmentation mammaplasty is another failed attempt and more attention should be paid to the injection of large doses of liquid filler. Expand
Treatment of Breast Injection with Polyacrylamide Hydrogel with Infiltrated Fascia Capsule Removal: Report on 104 Cases
The removal of as much of the infiltrated capsule and free polyacrylamide hydrogel as possible may be successful in removing breast lumps, pain, and uncomfortable upper-extremity movement due to breast firmness. Expand
Repeated lumps and infections: A case report on breast augmentation complications
PAAG gel can migrate after long periods of time, and a diagnosis of distant migration of PAAG was made in a 49-year-old female with a one-year history of a vulvar lump. Expand
Clinicopathological Analysis of 90 Cases of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel Injection for Breast Augmentation Including 2 Cases Followed by Breast Cancer
The long-term complications of PAAG-injected breast augmentation are various and complex, and pathologically, these complications are associated with foreign body reaction, fibrosis, and inflammation. Expand
Radiologic features of polyacrylamide gel mammoplasty.
Knowledge of the appearances of polyacrylamide gel implants in women with and those without complications from mammoplasty is useful in the radiologic evaluation of such patients. Expand
Complications of polyacrylamide hydrogel injection for breast augmentation: A case report and literature review
A case of a patient who received PAAG injection for a breast augmentation procedure in China before immigrating to Korea is reported, including the preoperative diagnosis with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and surgical management with total capsulectomy of the fibrous capsule surrounding the PAAGs. Expand
Our strategy in complication management of augmentation mammaplasty with polyacrylamide hydrogel injection in 235 patients.
The breast masses, pain and deformity are major complications after PAAG-injected breast augmentation, and a diagnosis and management strategy for these complications is proposed. Expand
Complications 18 years after polyacrylamide hydrogel augmentation mammoplasty: a case report and histopathological analysis
This case is the first demonstration of the successful surgical removal of polyacrylamide 18 years after injection and provides a histopathological analysis of breast capsules which showed evidence of an extensive chronic inflammatory reaction to polyacylamide, consistent with previous reports. Expand
Diagnostic cytological features of polyacrylamide gel injection augmentation mammoplasty
PAAG shows a consistent staining pattern in various common cytological staining preparations, and blocks of acellular gelatinous material, stained homogenous pinkish on H&E, polychromasia on Pap and magenta violet with bubbly vacuoles on Diff‐Quik, are the reliable cytological features of PAAG. Expand


Complications of Breast Augmentation with Injected Hydrophilic Polyacrylamide Gel
It is suggested that the injectable hydrophilic polyacrylamide gel be contraindications for breast augmentation in any young female who is not married, or without a child, with a tendency to hemorrhage, and with little mammary tissue. Expand
Long‐Term Effects of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel on Human Breast Tissue
It is concluded that the polyacrylamide hydrogel Interfall, which has been used in the former Soviet Union, is stable over time, nondegradable, confined to the breast, and diffusion and migration resistant. Expand
Efficacy and Safety of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel for Facial Soft-Tissue Augmentation
Aquamid is an easy-to-use soft-tissue filler that lasted over the entire study period and was judged to be good or very good by the investigators and satisfactory or very satisfactory by the patients. Expand
Spectrum Of Histological Changes Reactive To Prosthetic Breast Implants: A clinopathological study of 84 patients
Examination of 161 capsulectomy specimens from 84 women suggested the following chronological sequence of tissue response: fibrous scar tissue; histiocyte response; foreign body giant cell reaction to extruded or exposed material including polyurethane and Dacron patch; synovial‐like metaplasia; and calcification. Expand
Efficacy and Safety of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel for Facial Soft-Tissue Augmentation in a 2-Year Follow-Up: A Prospective Multicenter Study for Evaluation of Safety and Aesthetic Results in 101 Patients
Polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid) yielded satisfying aesthetic results in more than 90 percent of patients, and there was no difference in efficacy between 12 and 24 months’ follow-up. Expand
Efficacy and safety of polyacrylamide hydrogel for facial soft-tissue augmentation.
Safety and aesthetic results after injection of polyacrylamide hydrogel for facial soft-tissue enhancemen are studied. Expand
Amended Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Polyacrylamide and Acrylamide Residues in Cosmetics1
  • F. A. Andersen
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • International journal of toxicology
  • 2005
Polyacrylamide neurotoxicity occurs in both the central and peripheral nervous systems, likely through microtubule disruption, which has been suggested as a possible mechanism for genotoxic effects of acrylamides in mammalian systems. Expand
Acrylamide and Polyacrylamide: A Review of Production, Use, Environmental Fate and Neurotoxicity
Present research on the effects of acrylamide focuses on developmental and reproductive effects, genotoxicity and carcinogenicity, which are more conclusive than electrophysiological, histological or biochemical laboratory tests for diagnosis. Expand
Toxicity of Polyacrylamide and Acrylamide Monome
The physical characteristics, and, in particular, the possible toxic nature of polyacrilamides are presented, and a short discussion of the properties and toxicity of the acrylamide monomer is included. Expand