Breast Ptosis: Causes and Cure

  title={Breast Ptosis: Causes and Cure},
  author={Brian D. Rinker and Melissa Veneracion and Catherine P Walsh},
  journal={Annals of Plastic Surgery},
Breast ptosis is one of the most common conditions treated by plastic surgeons, but the causes are not clearly defined. A review was conducted of 132 consecutive patients presenting for breast augmentation or mastopexy. Information was obtained by chart review and telephone interview. Standardized photographs were examined to determine degree of ptosis by the Regnault classification. Of patients who had at least one pregnancy, 85% reported adverse changes in breast shape following pregnancy, 35… 
Thread Lift in Breast Ptosis
Female breast ptosis is a consequence of aging. An ideal esthetic nipple lies between 5 and 7 cm above the inferior mammary crease in a non-augmented breast. Progressive resting of the gland against
Simultaneous Mastopexy via Areola Excision to Correct Mild and Moderate Breast Ptosis
The new surgical technique, one-stage periareolar augmentation mastopexy, is a reliable and long-lasting operation for patients with mild and moderate breast ptosis.
The Effect of Breastfeeding on Breast Ptosis Following Augmentation Mammaplasty
Measurements included the mid-clavicle to nipple distance and the nipple to inframammary fold (IMF) distance, and the degree of breast ptosis using Regnault’s classification was documented.
A Study on Factors Predisposing to Breast Ptosis
Studying ptosis causative factors will improve prevention, patient select and education, surgical outcome, and patient education, and the potential predisposing factors for breast ptosis are demonstrated.
The Impact of Mastopexy on Brassiere Cup Size
Mastopexy alone results in an average decrease in one brassiere cup size, which is important for preoperative counseling, because patients should recognize that their actual cup size is smaller than the brassiere they wear, which will be reflected postoperatively despite a relatively stable volume.
New Approach to Shaping a Ptotic Breast in Secondary Autologous Breast Reconstruction
The authors present their method of shaping a ptotic breast after a delayed autologous breast reconstruction, which gives ptosis up to grade 3 according to Regnault, frequently negating a mastopexy of the contralateral breast to reach symmetry.
Superior Pedicle Mammaplasty without Parenchymal Incisions after Massive Weight Loss
  • C. D'aniello, R. Cuomo, G. Nisi
  • Medicine
    Journal of investigative surgery : the official journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
  • 2017
A mastopexy technique based on a modulated and progressive reshaping, back rotation, and suspension of mammary gland parenchyma without parenchymal incisions restores breast shape and projection, especially in post-bariatric patients.
Effect of Pectoral Electrostimulation on Reduction of Mammary Ptosis After Bariatric Surgery
Percutaneous electrostimulation of the pectoral muscle combined with specific training achieves a reduction in the breast ptosis and an increased projection, resulting in greater satisfaction of the patients, when compared with only specific training or without any specific activity.
Natural Breast Symmetry in Preoperative Breast Cancer Patients
Background: Plastic surgeons aim to achieve breast symmetry during cosmetic and reconstructive breast surgery. They rely on measures of breast size, position, and projection to determine and achieve
One-Stage Mastopexy–Lipofilling in Cosmetic Breast Surgery: A Prospective Study
The current study suggests that one-stage mastopexy–lipofilling is a safe technique, which leads with satisfactory outcomes allowing breast contouring and breast volume increase.


Breast ptosis. Definition and treatment.
Breastfeeding and perceived changes in the appearance of the breasts: a retrospective study
Bra cup size before pregnancy was neither associated with the frequency of breastfeeding nor with the occurrence of changes in the appearance of the breasts; enlargement and loss of firmness representing the most common changes.
Cigarette smoking-associated elastotic changes in the skin.
Body image, maternal fetal attachment, and breast feeding.
Effect of smoking and sun on the aging skin.
The association between increasing age, sun exposure, and amount of telangiectasia was strong among men, but less apparent among women, and smoking was also associated with elastosis among both sexes, and with telang iectasia predominantly among men.
Review of the epidemiologic evidence for an association between infant feeding and infant health.
An evaluation of epidemiologic and clinical studies of human populations conducted in the United States and other industrialized countries and published since 1970 to investigate the health impact of feeding infants breast milk or its substitutes today.
Early termination of breast-feeding in periurban Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: mothers' community perceptions and personal practices.
  • J. McLennan
  • Medicine
    Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
  • 2001
Maternal report of community reasons for early termination of breast-feeding may be a useful way to identify factors that would not otherwise be revealed on self-report, and may guide health promotion efforts aimed at increasing breast- feeding duration.