Breaking the Totalitarian Ice: The Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR

  title={Breaking the Totalitarian Ice: The Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR},
  author={Robert A. Horv{\'a}th},
  journal={Human Rights Quarterly},
  pages={147 - 175}
  • R. Horváth
  • Published 6 February 2014
  • Political Science
  • Human Rights Quarterly
This article examines the impact of the Initiative Group for the Defense of Human Rights in the USSR, the first Soviet human rights NGO. It argues that this group, which functioned for over six years as the principal public platform of Soviet dissidents, made an important contribution both to the subversion of totalitarianism and to the rise of the Soviet rights-defense movement. The Initiative Group overcame a longstanding taboo on the creation of public structures and spearheaded the… 
Poland's Solidarity Movement and the Global Politics of Human Rights
In the historiography of human rights, the 1980s feature as little more than an afterthought to the human rights breakthrough of the previous decade. Through an examination of one of the major actors
Gendering dissent:
  • R. Brier
  • Political Science
    The Legacy of Division
  • 2020
The collapse of Soviet-style communism in central and eastern Europe has widely been interpreted as a major step towards the rise of human rights as a global language of morality and protest. Hardly
The Reinvention of ‘Traditional Values’: Nataliya Narochnitskaya and Russia’s Assault on Universal Human Rights
Abstract Russia’s emergence as a leading opponent of universal human rights is one of the defining features of the Putin era. Under the banner of ‘traditional values’, Russian diplomats and clerics
From Tehran to Helsinki: the International Year of Human Rights 1968 and State Socialist Eastern Europe
When the United Nations proclaimed 1968 to be the International Year of Human Rights, the official goal was to promote the adoption of the recently created human rights Covenants around the world.
New Perspectives on Socialism and Human Rights in East Central Europe since 1945
In recent years, the study of human rights history has expanded beyond Western-centered narratives, though the role of Eastern European state socialism and socialists both on human rights concepts
De la injusticia a los derechos: momentos en la construcción de identidad de defensores de derechos humanos. El caso de México
How people who have not been victims of human rights violations become human rights defenders? This paper studies the process of identity construction among human rights defenders in Mexico. The
Protestant women in the late Soviet era: gender, authority, and dissent
ABSTRACT At the peak of the anti-religious campaigns under Nikita Khrushchev, communist propaganda depicted women believers as either naïve dupes, tricked by the clergy, or as depraved fanatics; the
Socialist Human Rights on the World Stage, 1966–1978