Breaking the Iron Law of Oligarchy: Union Revitalization in the American Labor Movement1

@article{Voss2000BreakingTI,
  title={Breaking the Iron Law of Oligarchy: Union Revitalization in the American Labor Movement1},
  author={Kim Voss and Rachel Sherman},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  year={2000},
  volume={106},
  pages={303 - 349}
}
This article addresses the question of how social movement organizations are able to break out of bureaucratic conservatism. In‐depth interviews with union organizers and other data are used to identify the sources of radical transformation in labor organizations by comparing local unions that have substantially altered their goals and tactics with those that have changed little. This analysis highlights three factors: the occurrence of a political crisis in the local leading to new leadership… 

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