Breaking the Food Chains: An Investigation of Food Justice Activism*

  title={Breaking the Food Chains: An Investigation of Food Justice Activism*},
  author={Alison Hope Alkon and Kari Marie Norgaard},
  journal={Sociological Inquiry},
This article develops the concept of food justice, which places access to healthy, affordable, culturally appropriate food in the contexts of institutional racism, racial formation, and racialized geographies. Through comparative ethnographic case studies, we analyze the demands for food justice articulated by the Karuk Tribe of California and the West Oakland Food Collaborative. Activists in these communities use an environmental justice frame to address access to healthy food, advocating for… Expand
Growing food justice by planting an anti-oppression foundation: opportunities and obstacles for a budding social movement
The food justice movement is a budding social movement premised on ideologies that critique the structural oppression responsible for many injustices throughout the agrifood system. Tensions oftenExpand
Community context of food justice: reflections on a free local produce program in a New Orleans food desert
Food justice discourse has emerged partly in response to the critique of alternative food networks during the last decade, but its justice conceptualization tends to be too narrowly focused onExpand
Community-Based Action for Food Justice
One of the most important public health issues of the new century is food justice, which is a special case of environmental justice, food access and health equity. Food justice encompasses a range ofExpand
Building Emancipatory Food Power: Freedom Farms, Rocky Acres and the Struggle for Food Justice
  • Bobby J. Smith
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development
  • 2019
While scholars who study issues of food justice use the term food power rarely-if at all-their argu­ments often position the rise of the food justice movement in the context of food power thatExpand
On the Transformational Potential of ‘Eating Local’: Insights for Socially Just Local Food System and Social Sustainability Theory and Practice
The gradual restructuring of international food and agriculture (or agri-food) systems over the past several decades has established industrialisation, productivism, and corporatisation as overridingExpand
Food for Freedom: the black freedom struggle and the politics of food
This dissertation situates concerns of food access and nutrition at the center of United States struggles for racial justice during the long civil rights era. The persistence of widespread hungerExpand
Food justice for all?: searching for the ‘justice multiple’ in UK food movements
In this paper, we examine diverse political philosophical conceptualisations of justice and interrogate how these contested understandings are drawn upon in the burgeoning food justice scholarship.Expand
Serving Food Justice: A Union Campaign for Fresh Food, Health, and Sustainability
The local and sustainable food movement has grown in the past 30 years, and universities, schools, and other public institutions are incorporating local and fresh foods into their cafeterias andExpand
What does it mean to do food justice
'Food justice' and 'food sovereignty' have become key words in food movement scholarship and activism. In the case of 'food justice', it seems the word is often substituted for work associated withExpand
Food Justice and Collective Food Relations
Food justice is commonly understood as the norm that everyone should have access to safe, healthy and culturally-appropriate foods no matter one’s national origin, economic statuses, socialExpand


Environmental justice and community food security represent parallel though largely separate movements whose linkage would help establish a new community development, environmental, andExpand
The “Environmental Justice” Frame: A Conceptual Discussion and an Application
Drawing on a social constructionist perspective, this paper: (1) identifies some of the most salient dimensions of the “environmental justice” frame as it has emerged from local community strugglesExpand
Civic Agriculture: Reconnecting Farm, Food, and Community
While the American agricultural and food systems follow a path of industrialization and globalization, a counter trend has appeared toward localizing some agricultural and food production. Thomas A.Expand
Together at the Table: Sustainability and Sustenance in the American Agrifood System
Together at the Table explores alternative food movements within the context of broader social movements. Patricia Allen, at the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems at the UniversityExpand
Paradise or pavement: the social constructions of the environment in two urban farmers' markets and their implications for environmental justice and sustainability
Abstract Urban aspects of local food systems, such as farmers' markets, provide an opportunity for city residents to “do” environmentalism within their own home places. What environmentalism is andExpand
The Struggle for Ecological Democracy: Environmental Justice Movements in the United States
This timely book brings together leading scholars and activists to provide an ecosocialist perspective on the goals, strategies, and accomplishments of the environmental justice movement, and to explore the emerging principles of ecological democracy that undergird it. Expand
Where We Live, Work and Play: The Environmental Justice Movement and the Struggle for a New Environmentalism
From Warren County To the Environmental Justice Movement Where We Live, Work, and Play: Framing, Political Mobilization and Environmentalism in the Environmental Justice Movement Race, Ethnicity andExpand
Agency, Democracy, and Nature: The U.S. Environmental Movement from a Critical Theory Perspective
In this book Robert Brulle draws on a broad range of empirical and theoretical research to investigate the effectiveness of U.S. environmental groups. Brulle shows how Critical Theory--in particularExpand
The Environmental Justice Reader: Politics, Poetics, and Pedagogy
Review: The Environmental Justice Reader: Politics, Poetics and Pedagogy By Joni Adamson, Mei Mei Evans, and Rachel Stein (Eds.) Reviewewd by Kathy Piselli Vistronix, Inc., USA Joni Adamson, Mei MeiExpand
Power, Justice, and the Environment: A Critical Appraisal of the Environmental Justice Movement
  • P. Shepard
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Environmental Health Perspectives
  • 2006
This is one of the first books to initiate a comprehensive dialogue that critiques strategies, tactics, and discursive frames; examine issues of organizational structure, governance, and resource base; assess goals and outcomes; and pose questions challenging academics and activists to consider where the movement has been and where it may go. Expand