Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy

@inproceedings{Collier2003BreakingTC,
  title={Breaking the Conflict Trap: Civil War and Development Policy},
  author={Paul. Collier and V. L. Elliott and H{\aa}vard Hegre and Anke Hoeffler and Marta Reynal-Querol and Nicholas Sambanis},
  year={2003}
}
Most wars are now civil wars. Even though international wars attract enormous global attention, they have become infrequent and brief. Civil wars usually attract less attention, but they have become increasingly common and typically go on for years. This report argues that civil war is now an important issue for development. War retards development, but conversely, development retards war. This double causation gives rise to virtuous and vicious circles. Where development succeeds, countries… 
Civil War
Most nations have experienced an internal armed conflict since 1960. Yet while civil war is central to many nations’ development, it has stood at the periphery of economics research and teaching. The
Are ‘New Wars’ More Atrocious? Battle Severity, Civilians Killed and Forced Migration Before and After the End of the Cold War
It is widely believed that the human impact of civil conflict in the present era is especially destructive. Proponents of the ‘new wars’ thesis hold that today’s conflicts are fuelled by exclusive
Special Dynamics anD Time Frame oF PosT War recovery requireD For comPensaTing civil War economic losses
Although the number of civil wars has gradually declined over the last twenty-five years, they still significantly threaten the development of some countries and regions, especially in Africa and
Poverty and Civil War: What Policymakers Need to Know
From Sierra Leone to Tajikistan and Indonesia's Aceh Province, civil war has erupted in countries suffering from persistent poverty or sharp economic decline. These conflicts sap already depleted
Civil War March 2009
Abstract: Most nations have experienced an internal armed conflict since 1960. The past decade has witnessed an explosion of research into the causes and consequences of civil wars, belatedly
Civil War
Most nations have experienced an internal armed conflict since 1960. The past decade has witnessed an explosion of research into the causes and consequences of civil wars, belatedly bringing the
Managing and Keeping the Peace after Violent Civil Conflict
The tracking of armed conflicts since the early 1980s indicates that the number of wars worldwide peaked during the 1980s and remained consistently high during the early 1990s. The number then
War and institutions : New evidence from sierra leone
Scholars of economic development have argued that war can have adverse impacts on later economic performance: war destroys physical capital and infrastructure and disrupts human capital accumulation,
Political economy of armed conflicts and peace building
Efforts to link security and development are recent in origin, and theory seems to lag behind policy and practice. These efforts are marked by a great deal of conceptual confusion, numerous
CONFLICT RELAPSE AND THE SUSTAINABILITY OF POST-CONFLICT PEACE
The goal of this paper is to identify what it is about certain countries that make them particularly susceptible to repeat civil war. Why are these countries unable to permanently end violence? And
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 301 REFERENCES
Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms.
Why Do Some Civil Wars Last So Much Longer than Others?
Five factors are shown to be strongly related to civil war duration. Civil wars emerging from coups or revolutions tend to be short. Civil wars in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union have also
Policies for building post-conflict peace
Civil wars always end, but they usually restart. Globally, with the first ten years of the end of a conflict, 31 percent of them have resumed. African conflicts are even more prone to restart than
Violence Against Civilians in Civil Wars: Looting or Terror?
This article analyses the motives of violence against civilians during internal wars. It is suggested that soldiers may terrorize civilians because they need the loot to augment their resources while
Paradise is a Bazaar? Greed, Creed, and Governance in Civil War, 1989-99
Some prominent recent studies of civil war argue that greed, not grievance, is the primary motivating factor behind violence, basing their conclusions on a strong empirical association between
Partition as a Solution to Ethnic War: An Empirical Critique of the Theoretical Literature
Theorists of ethnic conflict have argued that the physical separation of warring ethnic groups may be the only possible solution to civil war. They argue that without territorial partition and, if
Civil Wars Kill and Maim People—Long After the Shooting Stops
Political scientists have conducted only limited systematic research on the consequences of war for civilian populations. Here we argue that the civilian suffering caused by civil war extends well
Killing Time: The World Politics of Civil War Duration, 1820–1992
Policymakers often trumpet the potential for third parties to stop the killing associated with civil wars, yet third parties as strategic actors also have incentives to encourage longer civil wars.
Back to the Future: Instability in Europe After the Cold War
The profound changes now underway in Europe have been widely viewed as harbingers of a new age of peace. With the Cold War over, it is said, the threat of war that has hung over Europe for more than
The Economics of Civil War: The Case of the Democratic Republic of Congo
This study analyzes the causes of civil wars in the Congo since independence and investigates how the Congo case fits the model of civil war proposed by Collier and Hoeffler. Five conclusions arise
...
...