Breaking paragraphs into lines

@article{Knuth1981BreakingPI,
  title={Breaking paragraphs into lines},
  author={Donald Ervin Knuth and Michael F. Plass},
  journal={Software: Practice and Experience},
  year={1981},
  volume={11}
}
  • D. Knuth, M. Plass
  • Published 1981
  • Computer Science
  • Software: Practice and Experience
This paper discusses a new approach to the problem of dividing the text of a paragraph into lines of approximately equal length. [...] Key Method A system based on three simple primitive concepts called ‘boxes’, ‘glue’, and ‘penalties’ provides the ability to deal satisfactorily with a wide variety of typesetting problems in a unified framework, using a single algorithm that determines optimum breakpoints. The algorithm avoids backtracking by a judicious use of the techniques of dynamic programming.Expand
Globally optimal page breaking with column balancing: a case study
The paper presents a dynamic programming algorithm that finds the globally optimal sequence of page breaks for a book avoiding widows and orphans when the only source of variation is the possibilityExpand
High‐quality pagination for publishing
TLDR
A page‐breaking algorithm is presented that extends the original Knuth and Plass line‐breaking approach and produces high‐quality documents without unwanted empty areas and an application to XSL‐FO is presented, with an extension of the language that allows users to drive the pagination process. Expand
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TEX is well-known as a powerful, flexible, and high-quality typesetting tool. Although the graphics features are not a native part of the system, they can be provided by its accompanying programExpand
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  • R. Bouckaert
  • Computer Science
  • Australian Conference on Artificial Intelligence
  • 2003
TLDR
It is shown how a probabilistic interpretation of an ill defined problem, the problem of finding line breaks in a paragraph, can lead to an efficient new algorithm that performs well and allows for easy incorporation of subtle typographical rules. Expand
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This work presents two new independently-applicable techniques for table layout and investigates two hybrid approaches both of which use iterative column widening to improve the quality of an initial solution found using a different technique. Expand
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TLDR
Again, as with RUNOFF, many commands manipulate concrete page-oriented physical objects: groups of lines (filling, justification, defining length) and pages (breakup, numbering, defining height, multiple columnation, specifying headers and footers). Expand
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TLDR
A modification to the Knuth-Plass algorithm is presented to return several results for a given column of text, each corresponding to a different height, and steps to quantify the amount of expected flexibility in a given paragraph are described, to lead to a better overall document layout. Expand
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Transformational Programming and the Paragraph Problem
  • R. Bird
  • Computer Science
  • Sci. Comput. Program.
  • 1986
TLDR
A complete derivation, based on transformational programming, of two linear-time algorithms for the problem of breaking paragraphs into lines is presented, reflecting different assumptions about the algebraic properties of waste functions. Expand
Balancing font sizes for flexibility in automated document layout
TLDR
This paper presents an improved approach for automatically laying out content onto a document page, where the number and size of the items are unknown in advance and an analytical approximation for text placement is presented, refined by using curve fitting over TeX-generated data. Expand
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