Breaking Contact Without Leaving Chaos: The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan

  title={Breaking Contact Without Leaving Chaos: The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan},
  author={Lester W. Grau},
  journal={The Journal of Slavic Military Studies},
  pages={235 - 261}
  • L. Grau
  • Published 2007
  • Sociology
  • The Journal of Slavic Military Studies
There is a literature and a common perception that the Soviets were defeated and driven from Afghanistan. This is not true. When the Soviets left Afghanistan in 1989, they did so in a coordinated, deliberate, professional manner, leaving behind a functioning government, an improved military and an advisory and economic effort insuring the continued viability of the government. The withdrawal was based on a coordinated diplomatic, economic and military plan permitting Soviet forces to withdraw… Expand
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Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet Withdrawal
Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet Withdrawal, by Diego Cordovez and Selig S. Harrison. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. xi + 388 pages. Append. to p. 398. Notes to p. 425.Expand
The Fragmentation of Afghanistan, Second Edition, New Haven: Yale
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  • Riaz Khan was the Director General for Afghanistan Affairs in the Pakistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He participated in all meetings on Afghanistan in the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Organization of the Islamic Conference and all of the Geneva negotiating rounds
  • 1988