Branching Patterns and Stepped Leaders in an Electric-Circuit Model for Creeping Discharge

  title={Branching Patterns and Stepped Leaders in an Electric-Circuit Model for Creeping Discharge},
  author={Hidetsugu Sakaguchi and Sahim Kourkouss},
  journal={arXiv: Pattern Formation and Solitons},
We construct a two-dimensional electric circuit model for creeping discharge. Two types of discharge, surface corona and surface leader, are modeled by a two-step function of conductance. Branched patterns of surface leaders surrounded by the surface corona appear in numerical simulation. The fractal dimension of branched discharge patterns is calculated by changing voltage and capacitance. We find that surface leaders often grow stepwise in time, as is observed in lightning leaders of thunder. 

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