Branchial arch malformations in infants of diabetic mothers: two case reports and a review.


We describe two infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) with branchial arch, vertebral, cardiovascular, and central nervous system malformations. Our observations support the hypothesis of Grix et al [1982] that branchial arch abnormalities may occur with increased frequency in children of diabetic mothers. Two other IDMs (a literature case with hemifacial… (More)


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