Brainstem galanin-synthesizing neurons are differentially activated by chemoreceptor stimuli and represent a subpopulation of respiratory neurons.

@article{Spirovski2012BrainstemGN,
  title={Brainstem galanin-synthesizing neurons are differentially activated by chemoreceptor stimuli and represent a subpopulation of respiratory neurons.},
  author={Darko Spirovski and Qing Li and Paul M. Pilowsky},
  journal={The Journal of comparative neurology},
  year={2012},
  volume={520 1},
  pages={
          154-73
        }
}
The ventrolateral medulla oblongata (VLM) of the brainstem contains neurochemically heterogeneous neurons that have a critical role in cardiovascular and respiratory regulation. Previous anatomical studies have shown the existence of galanin immunoreactivity in the medulla oblongata, but a detailed characterization is lacking. In this study, we demonstrate three populations of preprogalanin mRNA (PPG)-expressing neurons in the VLM of the adult, male Sprague-Dawley rat: a retrotrapezoid nucleus… CONTINUE READING

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