Brainstem Seizure Severity Regulates Forebrain Seizure Expression in the Audiogenic Kindling Model

@article{Merrill2005BrainstemSS,
  title={Brainstem Seizure Severity Regulates Forebrain Seizure Expression in the Audiogenic Kindling Model},
  author={Michelle A. Merrill and Richard Wesley Clough and Phillip C. Jobe and Ronald A. Browning},
  journal={Epilepsia},
  year={2005},
  volume={46}
}
Summary:  Purpose: Although sound‐induced (audiogenic) seizures in the genetically epilepsy‐prone rat (GEPR) initially occur independent of the forebrain, repeated audiogenic seizures recruit forebrain seizure circuits in a process referred to as audiogenic kindling. In GEPR‐3s, audiogenic kindling results in facial and forelimb (F&F) clonic seizures that are typical of forebrain seizures. However, in GEPR‐9s, audiogenic kindling produces posttonic all‐limb clonus not usually observed during… 

Precipitous induction of audiogenic kindling by activation of adenylyl cyclase in the amygdala

TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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