Brain systems for assessing facial attractiveness

  title={Brain systems for assessing facial attractiveness},
  author={Joel S. Winston and John P. O’Doherty and James M Kilner and David Ian Perrett and Raymond J. Dolan},

Figures and Tables from this paper

Assessing facial attractiveness: individual decisions and evolutionary constraints

It is speculated that because of the risks involving mate choice faced by women during evolutionary times, selection might have preferred the development of an elaborated neural system in females to assess the attractiveness and social value of male faces.

Neural and behavioral responses to attractiveness in adult and infant faces

Are Attractive People Rewarding? Sex Differences in the Neural Substrates of Facial Attractiveness

The results revealed that brain regions comprising the putative reward circuitry showed a linear increase in activation with increased judgments of attractiveness, however, further analysis also revealed sex differences in the recruitment of OFC, which distinguished attractive and unattractive faces only for male participants.

Middle Temporal Gyrus Encodes Individual Differences in Perceived Facial Attractiveness

Given the far-reaching implications of facial attractiveness for human behavior, its neural correlates have been the focus of much recent interest. However, whereas the focus of previous studies has

Brain responses to facial attractiveness induced by facial proportions: evidence from an fMRI study

This study provided, for the first time, direct neurophysiologic evidence of the effects of facial ratios on facial attractiveness and suggested that there are notable gender differences in perceiving facial attractiveness as induced by facial proportions.

Neural activation in the “reward circuit” shows a nonlinear response to facial attractiveness

This study is the first to demonstrate heightened responses to both rewarding and aversive faces in numerous areas of this putative reward circuit, and discovery of nonlinear responses to attractiveness throughout the reward circuit echoes the history of amygdala research.

Behavioural and Neural Responses to Facial Disfigurement

The hypothesis that ventral visual neural responses, known to be amplified to attractive faces, represent an attentional effect to facial salience rather than to their rewarding properties is supported and the occipito-temporal activity supports the hypothesis that these areas are sensitive to attentional, rather than reward properties of faces.

Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

There are many facial dimensions affecting perceptions of attractiveness that remain unexplored in neuroimaging, and future studies combining parametric manipulation of face images, brain imaging, hormone assays and genetic polymorphisms in receptor sensitivity are needed to understand the neural and hormonal mechanisms underlying reproductive drives.

I find you more attractive … after (prefrontal cortex) stimulation




Amygdala Responses to Fearful and Happy Facial Expressions under Conditions of Binocular Suppression

The phenomenon of binocular rivalry is exploited to induce complete suppression of affective face stimuli presented to one eye to suggest that the amygdala has a limited capacity to differentiate between specific facial expressions when it must rely on information received via a subcortical route.

Evolutionary Psychology of Facial Attractiveness

The human face communicates an impressive number of visual signals. Although adults' ratings of facial attractiveness are consistent across studies, even cross-culturally, there has been considerable

Explicit and Incidental Facial Expression Processing: An fMRI Study

Results showed that the left inferior frontal cortex and the bilateral occipito-temporal junction responded equally to all face conditions, and several cortical and subcortical regions were modulated by task type, and by facial expression.

Attention to emotion modulates fMRI activity in human right superior temporal sulcus.

Brain Activation during Facial Emotion Processing

The results support the central role of the amygdala in emotion processing, and indicate its sensitivity to the task relevance of the emotional display.

Masked Presentations of Emotional Facial Expressions Modulate Amygdala Activity without Explicit Knowledge

This study, using fMRI in conjunction with masked stimulus presentations, represents an initial step toward determining the role of the amygdala in nonconscious processing.

Modulating emotional responses: effects of a neocortical network on the limbic system

Functional MRI results provide evidence for a network in which higher regions attenuate emotional responses at the most fundamental levels in the brain and suggest a neural basis for modulating emotional experience through interpretation and labeling.