Brain processing of stimulus deviance during slow-wave and paradoxical sleep: a study of human auditory evoked responses using the oddball paradigm.

Auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) to frequent (90%) and deviant (10%) tones were recorded during both wakefulness and all-night sleep in eight drug-free volunteers. During presleep waking (10:00-11:00 p.m.), deviant stimuli elicited, in all subjects, a prominent "P300" wave of parieto-central topography, culminating at 344 ms (average), which was absent in… (More)