Brain magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica

  title={Brain magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica},
  author={Y Y Li and Peng Xie and F Lv and Jun Mu and Q Li and Q. Yang and M. Hu and H. B. Tang and Jing Yi},
  journal={Acta Neurologica Scandinavica},
  • Y. Li, P. Xie, J. Yi
  • Published 1 October 2008
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Objective –  Brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) attracted much attention. Our study was to identify the brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities in Chinese NMO patients. 

Clinical Outcomes of Neuromyelitis Optica with Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Abnormalities

Clinical outcomes of neuromyelitis optica patients with brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities with different distribution patterns of brain lesions are investigated to investigate clinical outcomes of patients with NMO.

Conventional brain MRI in neuromyelitis optica

There has not been an attempt to survey and synthesize the literature on neuro‐radiology of brain findings in NMO, but numerous case series have demonstrated that lesions on brain MRI are common in neuromyelitis optica.

Imaging the Visual Pathway in Neuromyelitis Optica

The focus of this paper is to summarize the current knowledge on visual pathway damage in neuromyelitis optica (NMO) assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical coherence tomography

Brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica

“Cloud‐like enhancement” is a magnetic resonance imaging abnormality specific to neuromyelitis optica

In N MO, brain MRI abnormalities are frequent, and cloud‐like enhancement appears to be an MRI finding specific to NMO, possibly caused by primary involvement of the blood‐brain barrier by the autoantibodies.

EFNS guidelines on diagnosis and management of neuromyelitis optica

The guidelines are designed to provide guidance for best clinical practice based on the current state of clinical and scientific knowledge.

Magnetic resonance imaging brain findings in a case of aquaporin-4 antibody-positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, presenting with intractable vomiting and hiccups

A case of an adult female who was admitted with intractable vomiting and hiccups is presented, subsequently on MRI brain found to have very tiny demyelinating foci in Area Postrema.

Brain Abnormalities in Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder

The incidence and characteristics of the brain lesions found in NMOSD and the symptoms that they cause are focused on.



Brain magnetic resonance imaging findings in relapsing neuromyelitis optica

This study demonstrated the brain MRI pattern of R-NMO patients, which is different from MS, with long duration of disease, good sample size and detailed characterization by MRI.

Brain abnormalities in neuromyelitis optica.

MRI brain findings in NMO justify revision of diagnostic criteria for NMO to allow for brain involvement, and asymptomatic brain lesions do not exclude the diagnosis of NMO.

Neuromyelitis optica with hypothalamic involvement

It is proposed that the currently accepted criteria for the diagnosis of NMO could be revisited to recognize the possibility of lesions developing within hypothalamic structures.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neuromyelitis Optica

NMO can be reliably differentiated from MS at an early stage using validated diagnostic criteria, and the spectrum of NMO is wider than previously appreciated.

Magnetization transfer and diffusion tensor MRI show gray matter damage in neuromyelitis optica

Compared to healthy controls, patients with NMO showed reduced MT ratio and increased mean diffusivity of the NAGM, challenging the classic notion of a sparing of the brain tissue in the course of NMO.

Clinical, CSF, and MRI findings in Devic's neuromyelitis optica.

It is proposed that Devic's neuromyelitis optica is a distinctive disorder with some clinical, CSF, and MRI features different from those found in classic multiple sclerosis.

Neuromyelitis optica.

A systematic review of the literature using MEDLINE was conducted to better understand NMO and its associations with recognized diseases, and it is suggested that NMO does not represent a specific clinical entity.

Standardized MR imaging protocol for multiple sclerosis: Consortium of MS Centers consensus guidelines.

MR imaging has played an important role in contributing to our understanding of the natural history of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the brain and spinal cord, including its expression as both a focal

Devic's neuromyelitis optica: clinical, laboratory, MRI and outcome profile

The clinical course of neuromyelitis optica (Devic’s syndrome)

Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features generally distinguish neuromyelitis optica from MS, and patients with relapsing optic neuritis and myelitis may have neuromyeliitis opticas rather than MS.