Brain but not lung functions impaired after a chlorine incident.

@article{Kilburn2003BrainBN,
  title={Brain but not lung functions impaired after a chlorine incident.},
  author={K. Kilburn},
  journal={Industrial health},
  year={2003},
  volume={41 4},
  pages={
          299-305
        }
}
  • K. Kilburn
  • Published 2003
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Industrial health
A workplace bleach exposure incident was studied in 13 women to determine whether chlorine caused neurobehavioral and pulmonary functional effects. We compared neurophysiological and neuropsychological measurements in 13 chlorine-exposed women, 4.5 years after exposure, and 41 unexposed women. Reaction times, balance, blink reflex latency, color discrimination and several psychological tests were measured. Pulmonary function was assessed by spirometry. A profile of mood states and frequencies… Expand
Effects of Chlorine and Its Cresylate Byproducts on Brain and Lung Performance
  • K. Kilburn
  • Medicine
  • Archives of environmental health
  • 2003
TLDR
Exposure to chlorine and potassium cresylate produced neurobehavioral impairments that have been observed to increase across 3 yr, and respiratory symptoms were increased, but pulmonary functions did not change. Expand
Oxygen Administration Improves Survival but Worsens Cardiopulmonary Functions in Chlorine‐exposed Rats
TLDR
Oxygen administration can improve short‐term survival but appears to worsen respiratory failure, with no improvement in cardiac output or neuromuscular dysfunction, after massive chlorine exposure. Expand
Long-Term Sequelae From Acute Exposure to Chlorine Gas: A Review
Abstract : Chlorine (Cl2; CASRN 7782-50-5) was the first gas to be used as a chemical warfare agent during the First World War and is widely utilized today in industry (e.g. oxidizing agent in waterExpand
Civilian exposure to chlorine gas: A systematic review.
TLDR
Acute chlorine gas exposure in civilian incidents presented with acute respiratory features and irritation of the eyes and throat and the development of pulmonary oedema or ARDS was relatively rare when compared to military experience in the First World War. Expand
Acute occupational intoxications by chlorine and ammonia: clinical picture, diagnostics and treatment. Current conceptions.
TLDR
Current issues of industrial accidents resulting in chlorine and ammonia emissions have been considered and stage-by-stage treatment of the damage has been discussed. Expand
Posttraumatic stress and tendency to panic in the aftermath of the chlorine gas disaster in Graniteville, South Carolina
TLDR
The high prevalence of PTS and endorsement of tendency to panic within the sample show a need for mental health treatment after a chemical hazard disaster, and mental health personnel should be considerate of those with serious physical injuries. Expand
Cognitive function among schoolchildren in Lebanon: association with maternal alcohol drinking and smoking during pregnancy and domestic use of detergents and pesticides during childhood
TLDR
This study is the first to examine the association of a child’s prenatal exposure and their exposure during childhood to environmental toxicants with their cognitive function in Lebanon and shows the possible effect of cleaning products mixing and maternal alcohol consumption on cognitive functions among children in Lebanon. Expand
Influence of environmental temperature and humidity on the acute ventilatory response to exercise in asthmatic adolescents
TLDR
Results allow concluding that ventilatory response to exercise is influenced by air temperature and humidity, with a HH environment being more favourable for asthmatics. Expand
Toxicological profile for chlorine
DISCLAIMER The use of company or product name(s) is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. A Toxicological Profile forExpand
Disaster epidemiology : Assessing the health impacts of environmental public health disasters
Introduction: Although disaster epidemiology is essentially recognized as the use of epidemiology in disaster settings, it now has unique methods and tools applicable only within public healthExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 40 REFERENCES
Chlorine-Induced Damage Documented by Neurophysiological, Neuropsychological, and Pulmonary Testing
  • K. Kilburn
  • Medicine
  • Archives of environmental health
  • 2000
Abstract Chlorine causes acute pulmonary edema and damages airways, thus producing obliterative bronchiolitis. In the case series in this study, its adverse effects were extended to visual andExpand
Effects on Neurobehavioral Performance of Chronic Exposure to Chemically Contaminated Well Water
TLDR
Prolonged residential exposure to well-water containing TCE at lower levels than occupational exposures, but without time away from exposure for metabolism and excretion of toxins, was associated with neurobehavioral impairment. Expand
Effects of a hydrochloric acid spill on neurobehavioral and pulmonary function.
  • K. Kilburn
  • Medicine
  • Journal of occupational and environmental medicine
  • 1996
TLDR
Chronic neurobehavioral dysfunction and airways obstruction were found after environmental HCl exposure and proximity to the HCl spill increased sway speeds and impaired pulmonary midflow rates. Expand
Lung function after acute chlorine exposure.
TLDR
Without pre-exposure measurements, a single, lasting reduction in lung function cannot be excluded, but there is no evidence for a persisting abnormal rate of decline. Expand
Neurobehavioral dysfunction in firemen exposed to polycholorinated biphenyls (PCBs): possible improvement after detoxification.
TLDR
There was significant reversibility of impairment after the detoxification interval, however self-appraisal scores for depression, anger, and fatigue--which were initially elevated--and for vigor--which was reduced--did not change across this interval. Expand
Population-based prediction equations for neurobehavioral tests.
TLDR
Prediction equations assist investigators in the quantitative testing of chemically exposed individuals and other brain-injured individuals and the investigators verified the equations against other groups, including additional unexposed populations. Expand
Home Exposures to Chlorine/Chloramine Gas: Review of 216 Cases
TLDR
Although the gas produced by mixing cleaning products in the home can cause severe respiratory irritation, most of the patients exposed to chlorine and chloramine gas can safely be treated at home with comfort measures and appropriate follow-up must be done to determine resolution of symptoms. Expand
Fatal chlorine poisoning: report of two cases with clinicopathologic correlation.
TLDR
Two healthy adults died 25 and 76 hours, respectively, after being exposed to gaseous chlorine, and it is probable that at least some of the pulmonary damage observed in both victims was created by the deleterious effects of high pressure therapy with this gas. Expand
Neurobehavioral effects of formaldehyde and solvents on histology technicians: repeated testing across time.
TLDR
Variations in results of neurobehavioral tests given at intervals across 4 years were small and small decreases may have been offset by increases due to test familiarity or learning. Expand
Morbidity following acute irritant inhalation in a population-based study.
TLDR
Symptomatic inhalational exposures due to irritants are frequent in reports from poison control centers and host-related factors may be better predictors of ongoing morbidity after inhalational exposure. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...