Brain activity during distention of the descending colon in humans

@article{Hamaguchi2004BrainAD,
  title={Brain activity during distention of the descending colon in humans},
  author={Toyohiro Hamaguchi and Michiko Kano and Hisashi Rikimaru and M. Kanazawa and Masatoshi Itoh and Kazuhiko Yanai and Shin Fukudo},
  journal={Neurogastroenterology \& Motility},
  year={2004},
  volume={16}
}
Abstract  Brain‐gut interaction is considered to be a major factor in the pathophysiology of irritable bowel syndrome. However, only limited information has been provided on the influence of gastrointestinal tract stimulation on the brain. Our aim in this study was to determine the specific regions of the brain that are responsible for visceral perception and emotion provoked by distention of the descending colon in humans. Fifteen healthy males aged 22 ± 1 participated in this study. Using a… 

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The results suggest that the right insula and the related body mapping regions may form the functional module of sympathetic arousal in response to gut stimulation.

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Classical conditioned response of rectosigmoid motility and regional cerebral activity in humans

  • M. KanazawaM. Endo S. Fukudo
  • Biology, Psychology
    Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • 2005
The hypothesis that the rectosigmoid motility becomes conditioned with anticipatory painful somatosensory stimulus and that characteristic brain areas become activated during anticipation is tested.

Cognitive therapy for irritable bowel syndrome is associated with reduced limbic activity, GI symptoms, and anxiety.

Relationship between sympathoadrenal and pituitary-adrenal response during colorectal distention in the presence of corticotropin-releasing hormone in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and healthy controls

There was a strong correlation between adrenaline and HRV upon CRH injection in controls, but not patients with IBS, and plasma adrenaline levels were shown to be associated with plasma ACTH levels in HCs injected with CRH during distention using structural equation modeling analysis.

Differential Activation in Amygdala and Plasma Noradrenaline during Colorectal Distention by Administration of Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone between Healthy Individuals and Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Exogenous CRH differentially sensitizes brain regions of the emotional-arousal circuitry within the visceral pain matrix to colorectal distention and synergetic activation of noradrenergic function in IBS patients and healthy individuals.

Brain activity following esophageal acid infusion using positron emission tomography.

Emotion-related brain areas were activated by esophageal acid stimulation, with strong activation of the orbitofrontal cortex found by subtraction analysis of the two second pH 1 infusions, with a significant increase of heartburn symptoms.
...

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