Brain Wave Patterns Accompanying Changes in Sleep and Wakefulness During Hypnosis

@article{Barker1948BrainWP,
  title={Brain Wave Patterns Accompanying Changes in Sleep and Wakefulness During Hypnosis},
  author={Wayne Barker and S. L. Burgwin},
  journal={Psychosomatic Medicine},
  year={1948},
  volume={10},
  pages={317–326}
}
T N a previous communication (3), the induction •*• of sleep, accompanied by typical brain wave patterns, during hypnosis was reported and described. The present communication concerns the brain wave changes associated with hypnotic modifications of behavior less profound than alternation of sleep and waking. The significance of these changes will be discussed in terms of the function of the brain in organizing patterns of organism-environment relationships. 
Brain wave patterns during hypnosis, hypnotic sleep and normal sleep.
TLDR
Any reduction of consciousness below the waking level is reflected in the brain wave pattern, and the electroencephalogram is an indicator of the sleep—wakefulness level prevailing during any particular organism-environment relationship.
The relaxation response and hypnosis
Abstract Procedures for self- and hetero-hypnotic induction and for the elicitation of the relaxation response appear to be similar. Further, before experiencing hypnotic phenomena, either during a
EEG concomitants of hypnosis and hypnotic susceptibility.
TLDR
Electroencephalograph measures described high- and low-hypnotizable participants in terms of 3 conditions: an initial baseline period; baselines preceding and following a standard hypnotic induction; and during the induction, which revealed a differential pattern of EEG activity.
Hypnosis and lateralized brain functions.
TLDR
The data call into question the right hemisphere activation interpretation of lateralized brain function during hypnosis; rather, the data suggest a lack of task appropriate activity during Hypnotic Susceptibility.
The Electroencephalogram During Hypnotic Age Regression (to Infancy) in Epileptic Patients
TLDR
It is suggested that some changes occur in hypnotic age regession that are not directly elicited by suggestion, unlike other changes that result from direct suggestion.
EEG concomitants of hypnotic susceptibility.
  • W. Ray
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1997
TLDR
Electrocortical concomitants of hypnosis are examined during baseline conditions with high and low hypnotic susceptible individuals and dimensionality measures suggest that high susceptible individuals display underlying brain patterns associated with imagery, whereas low susceptible individuals show patterns consistent with cognitive activity.
The Pavlovian theory of hypnosis: an evaluation.
  • J. P. Das
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of mental science
  • 1958
TLDR
There is enough evidence to make out a case for supporting Pavlov9s view of hypnosis as a state of partial or selective inhibition, and such a development of inhibition improves with practice and may be correlated positively with an increasing degree of hypnotizability.
Standing potential correlates of hypnosis and narcosis.
  • L. Ravitz
  • Environmental Science
    A.M.A. archives of neurology and psychiatry
  • 1951
TLDR
To validate the concept that living organisms consist of electrical fields, Burr, with the assistance of Lane and Nims, perfected a microvoltmeter by means of which basic electrical properties of living systems can be measured.
Evolutionary Approaches to Understanding the Hypnotic Experience
  • W. Ray, D. Tucker
  • Psychology
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2003
TLDR
The authors point to the fact that hypnotizability is associated with an ability to reduce the experience of pain, modulate the immune system, and achieve greater benefits of psychosocial therapies as a functional significance of the hypnotic experience.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Brain wave patterns during hypnosis, hypnotic sleep and normal sleep.
TLDR
Any reduction of consciousness below the waking level is reflected in the brain wave pattern, and the electroencephalogram is an indicator of the sleep—wakefulness level prevailing during any particular organism-environment relationship.
Delay (Pavlov) in human physiology; sleepiness on delayed response to stimuli.
  • M. Levin
  • Biology, Psychology
    The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1946
When a person, eager to give expression to an impulse, restrains himself till an opportune moment (for example, a runner awaiting the start of a race), one is dealing with an experiment of Nature
Studies in Epilepsy: Personality Pattern, Situational Stress, and the Symptoms of Narcolepsy
  • W. Barker
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 1948
TLDR
The existence of narcolepsy as a disease sui generis was called into question because of its frequent association with encephalitis and by the fact that neoplastic and other lesions as well were also associated with disturbances of sleep, hence the question of "genuine" and of "symptomatic" varieties of the "disease".
Studies on Epilepsy: The Petit Mal Attack as a Response Within the Central Nervous System to Distress in Organism‐Environment Integration
  • W. Barker
  • Psychology
    Psychosomatic medicine
  • 1948
TLDR
Petit mal is a convulsive disorder characterized by unconsciousness which begins and ends abruptly, without warning or sequelae, and is usually accompanied by typical three-per-second spike-and-dome waves in the electroencephalogram.
EXPERIMENTAL INDUCTION OF GRAND MAL SEIZURE DURING THE HYPNOIDAL STATE INDUCED BY SODIUM AMYTAL
TLDR
The authors suggest that epileptic phenomena occurred when the patient was unable to feci or to express aroused anger, and that major convulsions took place when rage began to break through inhibitmy restraints, and they conclude that the fit contitutcd a resolution of the conflict between uncontrollable rage and the restrictions of conscience and society.
HUMAN BRAIN POTENTIALS DURING THE ONSET OF SLEEP
Hypnosis and the 9 . LEVIN , M . : Delay { Pavlov ) in human physiology . Am . alpha activity of the electroencephalogram
  • 1939
Elec-12. YOUNG, P. C : Hypnotic regression, fact or artefact? tried potentials of the human brain
  • J. Exper. Psy-J. Abnorm. & Soc. Psychol
...
...