Brain Indices of Music Processing: Nonmusicians are Musical

  title={Brain Indices of Music Processing: Nonmusicians are Musical},
  author={Stefan Koelsch and Tomas Gunter and Angela D. Friederici and Erich Schrger},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
Only little systematic research has examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) elicited by the cognitive processing of music. The present study investigated how music processing is influenced by a preceding musical context, affected by the task relevance of unexpected chords, and influenced by the degree and the probability of violation. Four experiments were conducted in which nonmusicians listened to chord sequences, which infrequently contained a chord violating the sound expectancy of… 

Processing Tonal Modulations: An ERP Study

The hypothesis that nonmusicians have a sophisticated (implicit) knowledge about musical regularities is supported, as neural correlates of the cognitive processing of modulations with event-related brain potentials are investigated.

Electric brain responses to inappropriate harmonies during listening to expressive music

Untangling syntactic and sensory processing: an ERP study of music perception.

The findings indicate that the ERAN is an index of music-syntactic processing and that theERAN can be elicited even when irregular chords are not detectable based on acoustical factors such as pitch repetition, sensory dissonance, or roughness.

Effects of Unexpected Chords and of Performer's Expression on Brain Responses and Electrodermal Activity

The results show that the neural mechanisms of music-syntactic processing operate independently of the emotional qualities of a stimulus, justifying the use of stimuli without emotional expression to investigate the cognitive processing of musical structure.

Processing of Musical Syntax Tonic versus Subdominant: An Event-related Potential Study

It is suggested that the subdominant chord is more difficult to integrate with the previous context than the tonic chord (as indexing by the observed N5) and that the processing of a small change in musical function occurs in an automatic way in musically expert listeners.

Harmony Wants to Sit in the Front: Different Brain Responses to Violations in Chord Progressions.

Deviations from auditory regularities elicit electric potentials distributed over the frontal regions of the scalp. The mismatch negativity (MMN) is elicited by change in repetitive auditory input,

Short-term effects of processing musical syntax: An ERP study




Superior pre-attentive auditory processing in musicians.

Results indicate that sensory memory mechanisms can be modulated by training on a more general level, and demonstrate that compared to non-musicians, musicians are superior in pre-attentively extracting more information out of musically relevant stimuli.

Neural Responses to Melodic and Harmonic Closure: An Event-Related-Potential Study

The event-related evoked potential (ERP) responses to sentence endings that either confirm or violate syntactic/semantic constraints have been extensively studied. Very little is known, however,

ERP Measures Assay the Degree of Expectancy Violation of Harmonic Contexts in Music

  • P. Janata
  • Psychology
    Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
  • 1995
A comparison between frequency and timedomain data analyses demonstrates several parallels, and it is concluded that both can serve to investigate the perception and processing of the probability structure underlying musical events and contexts.

The structural components of music perception. A functional anatomical study.

Activations preferentially in the left hemisphere for familiarity, pitch tasks and rhythm, and in the right hemisphere for the timbre task are found, suggesting a role for this cerebral region in the processing of sequential sounds.

Processing Syntactic Relations in Language and Music: An Event-Related Potential Study

The results argue against the language-specificity of the P600 and suggest that language and music can be studied in parallel to address questions of neural specificity in cognitive processing.

Reaction time and musical expectancy: priming of chords.

It is found that major targets were identified faster, and with fewer errors, when they were related than when unrelated, and an apparent absence (and possible reversal) of this effect for minor targets can be attributed to the prime's biasing effect on the target's stability.

The psychological representation of musical pitch in a tonal context

Natural speech processing: An analysis using event-related brain potentials

In two experiments, event-related brain potentials were collected as subjects listened to spoken sentences. In the first, all words were presented as connected (natural) speech. In the second, there

Activation of Human Auditory Cortex in Retrieval Experiments: An fMRI Study

The results generally suggest that activation of T1a during retrieval is determined less by the sound material than by the executed task, and more specifically, that memory-guided sequential analysis in T 1a is dominant over recognition of characteristic complex sounds.