Brain Activity during Simulated Deception: An Event-Related Functional Magnetic Resonance Study

@article{Langleben2002BrainAD,
  title={Brain Activity during Simulated Deception: An Event-Related Functional Magnetic Resonance Study},
  author={Daniel D. Langleben and Lee Schroeder and Joseph A. Maldjian and Ruben C. Gur and Sharon McDONALD and John Daniel Ragland and Charles P. O'brien and Anna Rose Childress},
  journal={NeuroImage},
  year={2002},
  volume={15},
  pages={727-732}
}
TheGuilty Knowledge Test (GKT) has been used extensively to model deception. An association between the brain evoked response potentials and lying on the GKT suggests that deception may be associated with changes in other measures of brain activity such as regional blood flow that could be anatomically localized with event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Blood oxygenation level-dependent fMRI contrasts between deceptive and truthful responses were measured with a 4 Tesla… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Does the inferior frontal sulcus play a functional role in deception? A neuronavigated theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation study

TLDR
Despite the potential role of IFS in deception as suggested by neuroimaging data, the cTBS-induced disruption of right IFS did not affect response times or error rates, when compared to sham stimulation.

Functional magnetic resonance study of deliberate deception

TLDR
Comparison of the ER fMRI data with the results of earlier studies where event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded under similar conditions indicates the involvement of the brain mechanism of error detection in deliberate deception.

Telling truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event‐related fMRI

TLDR
This study presents the first quantitative estimate of the accuracy of fMRI in conjunction with a formal forced‐choice paradigm in detecting deception in individual subjects and uses a paradigm balancing the salience of the target cues to elicit deceptive and truthful responses.

Mapping of the brain activation associated with deception using fused EEG and fNIRS

In this study, concurrent electroencephalography (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) recordings were performed based on a modified concealed information test (CIT) task to examine

Telling the truth from lie in individual subjects with fast event-related f MRI

TLDR
This study presents the first quantitative estimate of the accuracy of fMRI in conjunction with a formal forced-choice paradigm in detecting deception in individual subjects, using a paradigm balancing the salience of the target cues to elicit deceptive and truthful responses.

Deceiving Others: Distinct Neural Responses of the Prefrontal Cortex and Amygdala in Simple Fabrication and Deception with Social Interactions

TLDR
Clear evidence of functionally dissociable roles of the prefrontal subregions and amygdala for human deception is provided, supporting the interpretation that executive functions are related to making untruthful responses.

Neuroanatomical correlates of malingered memory impairment: Event-related fMRI of deception on a recognition memory task

TLDR
The neural substrates subserving feigned recognition memory deficits are influenced by response demand and error type, producing differential activation of cortical regions important to complex visual processing, executive control, response planning and working memory processes.

Lying about facial recognition: An fMRI study

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES

Functional connectivity of the anterior cingulate cortex within the human frontal lobe: a brain-mapping meta-analysis

TLDR
A database of positron-emission-tomography studies published between January 1993 and November 1996 was created to address several questions regarding the function and connectivity of the human anterior cingulate cortex, and found which areas of the frontal cortex show increased blood-flow co-occurring consistently with increasedBlood-flow in the ACC.

Neural Activity Relating to Generation and Representation of Galvanic Skin Conductance Responses: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study

TLDR
The results suggest that areas implicated in emotion and attention are differentially involved in generation and representation of peripheral SCR responses, and propose that this functional arrangement enables integration of adaptive bodily responses with ongoing emotional and attentional states of the organism.

Anterior cingulate cortex, error detection, and the online monitoring of performance.

TLDR
Results confirm that this region shows activity during erroneous responses, but activity was also observed in the same region during correct responses under conditions of increased response competition, which suggests that the ACC detects conditions under which errors are likely to occur rather than errors themselves.

Imaging visual recognition: PET and fMRI studies of the functional anatomy of human visual recognition

A Functional Anatomy of Anticipatory Anxiety

TLDR
Findings support the role of paralimbic structures as neural substrates of anticipatory anxiety and the failure to demonstrate behavioral and neurophysiological changes with the distractor task may reflect the modest increases in anxiety with the shock, the relatively simple distractionor task, and small sample size.

Event-related brain potentials in the study of visual selective attention.

  • S. HillyardL. Anllo-Vento
  • Psychology, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) provide high-resolution measures of the time course of neuronal activity patterns associated with perceptual and cognitive processes. New techniques for ERP

Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.

TLDR
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and a task-switching version of the Stroop task were used to examine whether these components of cognitive control have distinct neural bases in the human brain and a double dissociation was found.

Acquiring simultaneous EEG and functional MRI

The truth will out: interrogative polygraphy ("lie detection") with event-related brain potentials.

The feasibility of using Event Related Brain Potentials (ERPs) in Interrogative Polygraphy ("Lie Detection") was tested by examining the effectiveness of the Guilty Knowledge Test designed by Farwell